Etymology
Advertisement
Tupi (n.)

a native language group of South America, also Tupian.

Related entries & more 
Advertisement
Kyoto 

city in Japan, from kyo + to, both meaning "capital." Founded 794 as Heionkyo "Capital of Calm and Peace," it also has been known as Miyako and Saikyo. Kyoto Protocol so called because it was initially adopted Dec. 11, 1997, in the Japanese city.

Related entries & more 
capitalism (n.)

1854, "condition of having capital;" from capital (n.1) + -ism. The meaning "political/economic system which encourages capitalists" is recorded from 1872 and originally was used disparagingly by socialists. The meaning "concentration of capital in the hands of a few; the power or influence of large capital" is from 1877.

"Capital" may be most briefly described as wealth producing more wealth; and "capitalism" as the system directing that process. This latter term came into general use during the second half of the 19th century as a word chiefly signifying the world-wide modern system of organizing production and trade by private enterprise free to seek profit and fortune by employing for wages the mass of human labour. There is no satisfactory definition of the term, though nothing is more evident than the thing. [J.L. Garvin, "Capitalism" in Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1929] 
Related entries & more 
southbound (adj.)

1872, originally in railroading, from south + bound (adj.2).

Related entries & more 
per capita 

1680s, Latin, "by the head, by heads," from per (see per) + capita "head" (see capital).

Related entries & more 
Advertisement
Kabul 

capital of Afghanistan, named for its river, which carries a name of unknown origin.

Related entries & more 
baptist (n.)

c. 1200, "one who baptizes," also (with capital B-) a title of John, the forerunner of Christ; see baptize + -ist. As "member of a Protestant sect that believes in adult baptism upon profession of faith," generally by full immersion (with capital B-), attested from 1654; their opponents called them anabaptists (see Anabaptist).

Related entries & more 
Vietnam 

country in Southeast Asia, from Vietnamese Viet, the people's name + nam "south." Division into North and South lasted from 1954 to 1976. Vietnam War attested by 1963.

Related entries & more 
A-frame 

type of framework shaped like the capital letter "A," by 1889; as a type of building construction in this shape from 1932.

Related entries & more 
Moscow 

Russian capital, named for the Moskva River, the name of which is of unknown origin. Moscow mule vodka cocktail is attested from 1950.

Related entries & more 

Page 5