Etymology
Advertisement
close-up (n.)
1913, in photography, etc.; see close (adv.) + up (adv.).
Related entries & more 
Advertisement
set-up (n.)
"arrangement," 1890, from verbal phrase set up, attested from c. 1200 as "to make ready for use" and from 1950 (in pugilism) as "to bring (someone) to a vulnerable position;" from set (v.) + up (adv.). The verbal phrase also can mean "to establish" (early 15c.) and "put drinks before customers" (1880).
Related entries & more 
shake-up (n.)
also shakeup, "reorganization," 1899, from verbal phrase, from shake (v.) + up (adv.).
Related entries & more 
wake-up (n.)
something that brings one to alertness or out of sleep, 1965, often in the 1960s in reference to a shot of heroin in the morning. Phrase wake-up call is attested from 1968, originally a call one received from the hotel desk in the morning. Verbal phrase wake up is from 1530s; earlier the adverb was out (late 14c.)
Related entries & more 
hard-up (adj.)
"in difficulties," especially "short of money," 1821, slang; it was earlier a nautical expression, in reference to steering.
Related entries & more 
Advertisement
dress-up (n.)

"act of dressing up in one's best clothes," 1865, from the verbal phrase (17c.); see dress (v.) + up (adv.).

Related entries & more 
up-river (prep.)
1773, from up + river. As an adverb from 1848.
Related entries & more 
up-to-date (adv.)
1840, "right to the present time," from phrase up to date, probably originally from bookkeeping. As an adjective from 1865. Meaning "having the latest facts" is recorded from 1889; that of "having current styles and tastes" is from 1891.
Related entries & more 
back up (v.)
1767, "stand behind and support," from back (v.) + up (adv.). Meaning "move or force backward" is by 1834. Of water prevented from flowing, by 1837.
Related entries & more 
build-up (n.)
also buildup, 1927, "accumulation of positive publicity." Of any accumulation (but especially military) from 1943. The verbal phrase is attested from late 14c.; see build (v.) + up (adv.).
Related entries & more 

Page 4