Etymology
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backorder 

also back-order, "order by a retailer for a product that is temporarily out of stock from the supplier," by 1980 (n.); 1985 (v.); see back (adj.) + order. Related: Backordered.

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affiliate (adj.)

"taken into close association," 1858, from affiliate (v.).

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expiry (n.)

"close, termination," 1752, from expire + -y (4). Meaning "dying, death" is from 1790.

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reorder (v.)

also re-order, c. 1600, "to set in order again, arrange anew," from re- + order (v.). From 1810 as "repeat a command." Commercial sense of "place a new order for" (a thing) is from 1810. Related: Reordered; reordering.

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exclusion (n.)

"act of shutting out; non-inclusion," c. 1400, exclusioun, from Latin exclusionem (nominative exclusio) "a shutting out," noun of action from past-participle stem of excludere "keep out, shut out," from ex "out" (see ex-) + claudere "to close, shut" (see close (v.)).

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dressage (n.)

"skilled form of horseback riding performed in exhibitions and competitions," 1936, from French dressage, from dresser "to train, drill" (see dress (v.)). Middle English had dress (v.) in the sense of "to train or break in" a horse or other animal (c. 1400), but it died out.

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beanie (n.)

"small, close-fitting hat," 1940, from bean (n.) in the slang sense of "head" + -ie.

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turtleneck (n.)

also turtle-neck "close-fitting collar," 1893, from turtle (n.1) + neck (n.).

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closer (n.)

"one who or that which closes" anything, 1610s, agent noun from close (v.).

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countermand (v.)

"to revoke (a command or order)," early 15c., contremaunden, from Anglo-French and Old French contremander "reverse an order or command" (13c.), from contre- "against" (see contra (prep., adv.)) + mander, from Latin mandare "to order" (see mandate (n.)). Related: Countermanded; countermanding. As a noun, "a contrary order," 1540s.

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