Etymology
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oligarchic (adj.)

"pertaining to or of the nature of government by a few," 1640s, from Greek oligarkhikos "pertaining to oligarchy," from oligarkhos, related to oligarkhia "government by the few" (see oligarchy). Related: Oligarchical.

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mobocracy (n.)

"mob rule, government by the disorderly classes," 1754, a hybrid from mob (n.) + -cracy "rule or government by." Related: Mobocrat "leader of a mob, a demagogue" (1798); mobocratic.

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loyalism (n.)

"devotion to a government or cause," 1812, from loyal + -ism.

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hierocracy (n.)

"rule or government by priests," 1794, from hiero-, from Greek hieros "sacred, holy, divine" (see ire) + -cracy "rule or government by." Related: Hierocratic.

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portfolio (n.)

"movable receptacle for detached papers or prints," 1722, porto folio; 1719 as port folio, from Italian portafoglio "a case for carrying loose papers," from porta, imperative of portare "to carry" (from PIE root *per- (2) "to lead, pass over") + foglio "sheet, leaf," from Latin folium (see folio). Usually something like a book cover with a flexible back, fastened with strings or clasps. Meaning "official documents of a state department" is from 1835, hence figuratively, of a minister of state. A minister without portfolio is one not in charge of a particular department. Meaning "collection of securities held" is from 1930; portfolio investment is from 1955.

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un-American (adj.)

"not characteristic of American principles or methods, foreign to U.S. customs," 1818, from un- (1) "not" + American (adj.).

Everything is un-American that tends either to government by a plutocracy or government by a mob. [Theodore Roosevelt, 1917]
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decontrol (n.)

"removal of (government) control," 1919, from de- + control (n.).

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interministerial (adj.)

1917, in reference to branches of government, from inter- "between" + ministerial.

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statecraft (n.)

"the art of government," 1640s, from state (n.2) + craft (n.).

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