Etymology
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cheese-cloth (n.)

"coarse cotton fabric of open texture," 1650s, originally cloth in which curds were pressed, from cheese (n.1) + cloth.

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grenadine (n.)

"syrup made from pomegranates," 1896, from French sirop de grenadin from grenade "pomegranate" (see pomegranate). The type of thin silk fabric, so called from 1851, probably is from Grenada.

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organza (n.)

"thin, stiff, transparent dress fabric," 1820, from French organsin (1660s), and Italian organzino, a strong kind of silk thread, a word of unknown origin; perhaps from the same source as organdy.

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darning (n.)

"action or process of mending a hole (in fabric) by interweaving yarn or thread," 1610s, verbal noun from darn (v.). Darning-needle is from 1848; darning-stitch from 1881.

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carpetbag (n.)
also carpet-bag, "soft-cover traveling case made of carpet fabric on a frame," 1830, from carpet (n.) + bag (n.). As a verb, 1872, from the noun.
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bow tie (n.)
by 1887, from bow (n.) in the sense "ribbon or other fabric tied in a bow-knot" (by 1874) + tie (n.).
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chambray (n.)

kind of gingham fabric used for women's gowns, 1801, alteration of Cambrai, city in France (formerly Flanders) where the cloth originally was made. Compare cambric.

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textile (n.)
1620s, from Latin textilis "a web, canvas, woven fabric, cloth, something woven," noun use of textilis "woven, wrought," from texere "to weave," from PIE root *teks- "to weave," also "to fabricate." As an adjective from 1650s.
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oil-cloth (n.)

also oilcloth, 1690s, "cotton or a similar fabric waterproofed with oil," from oil (n.) + cloth. In reference to an oil-treated canvas used as a cheap floor covering, 1796.

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batting (n.1)
"sheets of cotton fiber," 1875, variant of obsolete bat "felted mass of fur, wool, etc." (see bat (n.1)), on notion of "beaten" fabric.
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