large rodent of Central and South America, 1650s, from Spanish, from Tupi (Brazil) paca, the native name for it.
great mountain system along the Pacific coast of South America, from Quechua (Inca) andi "high crest." Related: Andean.
ancient realm in northwestern South America, later a Spanish viceroyalty, since 1821 an independent republic, from Spanish Peru, said to be from Quechua (Inca) pelu "river." Related: Peruvian.
"the cassava plant or its product," an important food staple in tropical America, 1560s, from Tupi manioch, mandioca, name for the root of the cassava.
"a person worth a million dollars, pounds, francs, etc.," 1821, from French millionnaire (1762); see million. The first in America is said to have been John Jacob Astor (1763-1848).