"small sack or bag," mid-14c., sachel, from Old French sacel, sachel and directly from Late Latin saccellus, saccellum "money bag, purse," diminutive of Latin sacculus, itself a diminutive of saccus "bag" (see sack (n.1)).
type of gown with a loose back, 1590s, from a specialized use of French saque "bag" (Old Frenchsac; see sack (n.1)). Also used mid-19c. of coats not shaped to the back, and from 1957 of a type of short, unwaisted dress.
1738, as an anatomical term, "a diverticulum ending blindly," from French cul-de-sac, literally "bottom of a sack," from Latin culus "bottom, backside, fundament" (see tutu). For first element, see tutu; for second element, see sack (n.1). Application to a street or alley which has no outlet at one end is by 1819.
"a violent check of a horse by giving a sudden pull on the reins," 1705, from French saccade "a jerk," from obsolete saquer "to shake, pull," a dialectal variant of Old French sachier, which is perhaps ultimately from Latin saccus "sack" (see sack (n.1)). Related: Saccadic.
mid-13c., ransaken, "to plunder; to make a search, search thoroughly," from a Scandinavian source akin to Old Norse rannsaka "to pillage," literally "search the house" (especially legally, for stolen goods), from rann "house," from Proto-Germanic *raznan (c.f. Gothic razn, Old English ærn "house;" Old English rægn "a plank, ceiling;" see barn) + saka "to search," related to Old Norse soekja "seek" (see seek). Properly it would have evolved as *ransake; the present form perhaps was influenced by sack (v.1). Related: Ransacked; ransacking.
1711, Anglo-Indian goney name of a strong, coarse fabric made from jute or hemp, from Hindi goni, from Sanskrit goni "sack." Gunny sack attested by 1862.
"abdominal dropsy," late 14c., from Latin ascites, from Greek askitēs (hydrops), literally "baglike dropsy," from askos "leather bag, sack, wine-skin," a word of unknown origin.