"fleshy appendage below the neck of certain birds," 1510s (in jocular use extended to human beings, 1560s), of uncertain origin and of doubtful relationship to wattle (n.1). Related: Wattled.
"distant in relationship" (by some expressed degree, for example first cousin once removed), 1540s, from past participle of remove (v.). Meaning "remote, separated, secluded" from something is from 1610s.
"the study of meaning in language; the science of the relationship between linguistic symbols and their meanings," 1893, from French sémantique (1883); see semantic (also see -ics). In this sense it replaced semasiology (1847), from German Semasiologie (1829), from Greek sēmasia "signification, meaning."
late 14c., "pomp; arrogance, pride;" see brag (v.); the exact relationship of the noun and verb is uncertain. The meaning "that which is boasted" is from 1530s. As a once-popular poker-like card game, from 1734.
"grooved wheel to receive a cord, wheel of a pulley," mid-14c., also "slice of bread" (late 14c.), related to or another form of shive (n.) "a slice, a piece," itself a word of uncertain origin and disputed relationship. The connecting notion in the two senses might be "length of wood."
early 15c., "having an analogous relationship (to), answering, matching," a sense taken up since 19c. by corresponding; from Medieval Latin correspondentem, present participle of correspondere "correspond, harmonize, reciprocate," from assimilated form of com "together, with (each other)" (see com-) + respondere "to answer" (see respond).