Etymology
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motherland (n.)

also mother-land, "land of one's origin, land whence a people originated," 1711, from mother (n.1) + land (n.).

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motherless (adj.)

"lacking or having lost a mother," Old English moderleas; see mother (n.1) + -less.

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mothering (n.)

"motherly care," 1868, verbal noun from mother (v.). Earlier it was used in reference to the rural custom of visiting one's parents with presents on Mid-Lent Sunday (1640s).

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motherhood (n.)

"state or fact of being a mother," 1590s, from mother (n.1) + -hood. Earlier was moderhede "motherhead" (mid-14c.).

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godmother (n.)
woman who sponsors one at baptism, late 13c., from God + mother (n.1); modifying or replacing Old English godmodor.
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motherly (adj.)

Old English modorlic "pertaining to a mother;" see mother (n.1) + -ly (1). Meaning "befitting a mother, parental, affectionate" is from mid-13c. Similar formation in Dutch moederlijk, Old High German muoterlih, German mütterlich. Related: Motherliness.

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matronymic (n.)

"a name derived from a mother or maternal ancestor," 1794, a hybrid from Latin māter "mother" (see mother (n.1)) + Greek-based ending from patronymic. As an adjective, "pertaining to or being derived from a mother or maternal ancestor," from 1874.

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matri- 

word-forming element meaning "of or relating to a mother," also "of or relating to women," from combining form of Latin māter (genitive mātris) "mother" (see mother (n.1)).

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endometrium (n.)

"lining membrane of the uterus," 1882, medical Latin, from endo- + Greek mētra "uterus," related to mētēr "mother" (see mother (n.1)). Related: Endometrial (1870).

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grandmother (n.)
early 15c., from grand- + mother (n.1), probably on analogy of French grand-mère. Replaced earlier grandame (c. 1200) and Old English ealdemodor.
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