Etymology
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masjid (n.)

Islamic place of worship; see mosque.

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haram (adj.)
in Islamic terminology, "forbidden;" see harem.
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salat (n.)
Islamic ritual prayer, from Arabic salah "prayer."
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Bactrian 
late 14c., "inhabitant of Bactria," ancient region in what is now northwestern Afghanistan; as a type of camel c. 1600; from Latin Bactria, from Persian, literally "the western province," from bakhtar "the west."
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Baluchistan 
historical country or region east of Persia between Afghanistan and the Arabian Sea, now forming southwestern Pakistan, from the people-name Baluchi (in English from 1610s) + -stan.
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sharia (n.)
Islamic religious law, 1855, from Arabic shari'ah "the revealed law," from shar' "revelation."
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zakat (n.)
obligatory Islamic tax for religious purposes, 1802, from Persian zakat, etc., from Arabic zakah.
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halal (adj.)
1858, Arabic, literally "lawful." Halal food has been prepared in a manner prescribed by Islamic law.
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Ashura (n.)
Islamic voluntary fast on the 10th day of Muharram, Arabic Ashura', literally "tenth," from 'ashara "ten."
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moolah (n.)

also moola, "money," c. 1920, American English slang, of unknown origin. Earlier it was a form of the Islamic title mullah.

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