Etymology
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sign-up (n.)

"action of signing up; number who have signed up," 1940, from the verbal phrase meaning "to enroll, enlist," which is attested by 1903; see sign (v.) + up (adv.).

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cover-up (n.)

also coverup, "means or act of concealing" some event or activity, 1922, from the verbal phrase (1872), from cover (v.) + up (adv.).

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pop-up (n.)

from 1906 as a type of baseball hit; from pop (v.) + up (adv.). As an adjective from 1934 (of a children's book, later toasters, etc.).

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shut up (v.)

c. 1400, "keep from view or use, render inaccessible" early 15c., "to lock up, confine," from shut (v.) + up (adv.). The meaning "cause to stop talking" is from 1814 (Jane Austen). The intransitive meaning "cease from speaking" is from 1840, also as a command to be silent, sometimes colloquialized in print as shuddup (1940). Put up or shut up "defend yourself or be silent" is U.S. slang, by 1868.

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write-up (n.)

1882, from the verbal phrase; see write (v.) + up (adv.).

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up-country (n.)

"interior regions," 1680s, from up- + country (n.). As an adjective from 1810; as an adverb from 1864.

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link-up (n.)

"a joining together or coupling," 1945, from the verbal phrase; see link (v.) + up (adv.).

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seven-up (n.)

1830 as the name of a children's game (OED describes it as "all-fours" when played for seven "chalks"); with capital initials, as the proprietary name of a brand of carbonated drink, it is attested from 1928.

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show up (v.)

verbal phrase, by 1826 as "to disgrace through exposure;" see show (v.) + up (adv.). The meaning "to put in an appearance, be (merely) present" is by 1888. The noun sense of "an exposure of something concealed" is by 1830, colloquial.

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tune-up (n.)

"adjustments made to an automobile to improve its working," 1911, from verbal phrase tune up "bring to a state of effectiveness," 1718, in reference to musical instruments, from tune (v.) + up (adv.). Attested from 1901 in reference to engines. Meaning "event that serves as practice for a later one" is from 1934, U.S. sports jargon.

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