Chinese capital, from bei "north" + jing "capital" (as opposed to Nanking, literally "southern capital").
by 1630s as "human being, descendant of Adam" the Biblical first man, from Adam + -ite (1). The term was used from 1620s in reference to Christian perfectionist sects or groups that practice nudism (or, as a 1657 poem has it, "Cast off their petticoats and breeches"), recalling the state of Adam before the Fall. They existed in 2c. North Africa, 14c.-15c. central Europe, and 1840s America. Related: Adamic; Adamitic; Adamitism.
city in China, literally "southern capital," from Chinese nan "south" + jing "capital."
"the Germanic language of South Africa, the Dutch language as spoken in South Africa," 1892, from Dutch Afrikaansch "Africanish" (see Afrikander). Also known as South African Dutch.
people of the upper Niger region of West Africa, 1620s.
respectful or reverential form of address in East Africa, 1875, from Swahili.
capital of Australia, 1826, from Aborigine nganbirra "meeting place."