Advertisement

Yankee (n.)

1683年, 这个名字被新阿姆斯特丹(纽约) 的荷兰移民轻蔑地应用于邻近康涅狄格州的英国殖民者. 它可能来自荷兰语 Janke, 字面意思是“小约翰”, 是普通人名 Jan 的缩略语; 或者它可能来自 Jan Kes “约翰-科尼利厄斯” 的熟悉形式, 或者也许是 Jan Kees 的改变, Jan Kaas 的方言变体, 字面意思是“约翰-奶酪”, 是佛兰德人对荷兰人的通用昵称.

[I]t is to be noted that it is common to name a droll fellow, regarded as typical of his country, after some favorite article of food, as E[nglish] Jack-pudding, G[erman] Hanswurst (“Jack Sausage” ), F[rench] Jean Farine (“Jack Flour” ). [Century Dictionary, 1902, entry for “macaroni” ]

最初, 它似乎被应用于侮辱荷兰人, 特别是自由行者, 然后他们转过身来, 把它拍在英国人身上. 一个不太可能的理论(由1832年证实) 是, 它代表了一些南部新英格兰阿尔冈昆语的混杂 English. 在英语中是一个蔑视的术语(1750年代), 然后才被用作“新英格兰本地人” (1765年) 的一般术语; 在美国革命期间, 它成为英国人对所有美国本地人或居民的蔑视性词语. 到1828年与 southerner. 简化形式 Yank, 指“一个美国人”, 最早记录于1778年. 拉丁美洲形式 Yanqui, 1914年在英语中得到证实(1835年在墨西哥西班牙语中得到证实).

The rule observed in this country is, that the man who receives that name [Yankee] must come from some part north of him who gives it. To compensate us for giving each other nicknames, John Bull “lumps us all together,” and calls us all Yankees. [“Who is a Yankee?” Massachusetts Spy, June 6, 1827]

Others are reading

Advertisement
Definitions of Yankee from WordNet
1
Yankee (n.)
an American who lives in New England;
Synonyms: New Englander
Yankee (n.)
an American who lives in the North (especially during the American Civil War);
Synonyms: Yank / Northerner
Yankee (n.)
an American (especially to non-Americans);
Synonyms: Yank / Yankee-Doodle
2
Yankee (adj.)
used by Southerners for an inhabitant of a northern state in the United States (especially a Union soldier);
From wordnet.princeton.edu