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Yankee (n.)

1683年,这个名字被新阿姆斯特丹(纽约)的荷兰移民轻蔑地应用于邻近康涅狄格州的英国殖民者。它可能来自荷兰语 Janke ,字面意思是"小约翰",是普通人名 Jan 的缩略语;或者它可能来自 Jan Kes "约翰-科尼利厄斯"的熟悉形式,或者也许是 Jan Kees 的改变, Jan Kaas 的方言变体,字面意思是"约翰-奶酪",是佛兰德人对荷兰人的通用昵称。

[I]t is to be noted that it is common to name a droll fellow, regarded as typical of his country, after some favorite article of food, as E[nglish] Jack-pudding , G[erman] Hanswurst ("Jack Sausage"), F[rench] Jean Farine ("Jack Flour"). [Century Dictionary, 1902, entry for "macaroni"]

最初,它似乎被应用于侮辱荷兰人,特别是自由行者,然后他们转过身来,把它拍在英国人身上。一个不太可能的理论(由1832年证实)是,它代表了一些南部新英格兰阿尔冈昆语的混杂 English 。在英语中是一个蔑视的术语(1750年代),然后才被用作"新英格兰本地人"(1765年)的一般术语;在美国革命期间,它成为英国人对所有美国本地人或居民的蔑视性词语。到1828年与 southerner 。简化形式 Yank ,指"一个美国人",最早记录于1778年。拉丁美洲形式 Yanqui ,1914年在英语中得到证实(1835年在墨西哥西班牙语中得到证实)。

The rule observed in this country is, that the man who receives that name [Yankee] must come from some part north of him who gives it. To compensate us for giving each other nicknames, John Bull "lumps us all together," and calls us all Yankees. ["Who is a Yankee?" Massachusetts Spy, June 6, 1827]

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Definitions of Yankee from WordNet
1
Yankee (n.)
an American who lives in New England;
Synonyms: New Englander
Yankee (n.)
an American who lives in the North (especially during the American Civil War);
Synonyms: Yank / Northerner
Yankee (n.)
an American (especially to non-Americans);
Synonyms: Yank / Yankee-Doodle
2
Yankee (adj.)
used by Southerners for an inhabitant of a northern state in the United States (especially a Union soldier);
From wordnet.princeton.edu