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world (n.)

古英语 woruldworold "人类的存在,生活的事务",也是"漫长的时间",也是"人类,人类,人性",是日耳曼语言特有的一个词(同源词。古撒克逊语 werold ,古弗里斯兰语 warld ,荷兰语 wereld ,古北欧语 verold ,古高德语 weralt ,德语 Welt ),字面意义为"人的年龄",来自于原日耳曼语 *weraldi- ,是 *wer "人"(古英语 wer ,仍用 werewolf ;见 virile )+ *ald "年龄"(来自于PIE根 *al- (2)"成长、滋养")的复合词。

原本是"地球上的生命,这个世界(相对于来世)",意义扩展到"已知的世界",然后到"最广义的物理世界,宇宙"(13世纪)。在古英语福音书中,"物理世界"最常见的词是 Middangeard (古北欧语 Midgard ),字面意思是"中间的围墙"(见 yard (n.1)),它植根于日耳曼的宇宙论。希腊文 kosmos ,其教会意义上的"人的世界"有时在哥特文中被译为 manaseþs ,字面意思是"人的种子"。古北欧语中通常的词是 heimr ,字面意思是"居所"(见家)。其他一些印欧语系中的"世界"一词来源于"底层、基础"的词根(如爱尔兰语 domun ,古教会斯拉夫语 duno ,与英语 deep );立陶宛语为 pasaulis ,来源于 pa- "下"+ saulė "太阳"。

原义在 world without end ,译为拉丁文 saecula saeculorum ,在 worldly 。拉丁文 saeculum 既可以表示"时代",也可以表示"世界",希腊文 aiōn 也可以。意为"大量或数量"的是1580年代的。 Out of this world "超越、奇妙"是1928年的;更早的意思是"死了"。 World Cup 是到1951年;美国棒球 World Series 是到1893年(最初常为 World's Series )。地缘政治意义上的 World power 最早记载于1900年。 World-class 是从1950年开始考证的,最初是指奥运运动员。

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Definitions of world from WordNet
1
world (n.)
everything that exists anywhere;
world (n.)
people in general; especially a distinctive group of people with some shared interest;
the Western world
Synonyms: domain
world (n.)
all of your experiences that determine how things appear to you;
his world was shattered
we live in different worlds
Synonyms: reality
world (n.)
the 3rd planet from the sun; the planet we live on;
he sailed around the world
Synonyms: Earth / earth / globe
world (n.)
people in general considered as a whole;
Synonyms: populace / public
world (n.)
a part of the earth that can be considered separately;
the outdoor world
the world of insects
world (n.)
the concerns of this life as distinguished from heaven and the afterlife;
they consider the church to be independent of the world
Synonyms: worldly concern / earthly concern / earth
world (n.)
all of the living human inhabitants of the earth;
all the world loves a lover
Synonyms: human race / humanity / humankind / human beings / humans / mankind / man
2
world (adj.)
involving the entire earth; not limited or provincial in scope;
a world crisis
Synonyms: global / planetary / worldwide / world-wide
From wordnet.princeton.edu