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work (n.)

古英语 weorc, worc “所做的事, 某人所做的离散行为, 行动(不管是自愿的还是必须的), 程序, 业务; 所做的或制造的东西, 劳动产品,” 也是“体力劳动, 劳作; 熟练的贸易, 手艺, 或职业; 以某种有用的或有报酬的方式花费劳动的机会.” 也是“军事防御工事”, 来自于原日耳曼语 *werka- “工作” (也是古撒克逊语, 古弗里斯兰语, 荷兰语 werk, 古北欧语 verk, 中荷兰语 warc, 古高德语 werah, 德语 Werk, 哥特语 gawaurki), 来自于PIE *werg-o-, 是根 *werg- “做” 的后缀形式. “

意思是” 体力, 精力“从13世纪开始; 意思是” 学术劳动“或其作品从13世纪开始; 意思是” 艺术劳动“或其作品从13世纪开始. 意思是” 作为可计量商品的劳动“是14世纪的. 意思是” 刺绣, 缝纫, 针刺“, 是14世纪末的作品.

Work of art 1774年证实为” 艺术创作“, 更早(1728年) 为” 人工, 人类(相对于自然) 的生产“. Work ethic 从1959年开始记录. 待 out of work” 失业“是1590年代的事. 至 make clean work of 是从14世纪; 到 make short work of 是1640年代的.

俗话说 many hands make light work 是14世纪的. 要 have (one's) work cut out for 一是从1610年代开始的; 有准备, 有规定, 因此, 一个人可以处理所有的事情. Work in progress 是来自1930年的一般意义上的, 早期作为会计和议会程序中的特定术语.

Work is less boring than amusing oneself. [Baudelaire, ” Mon Coeur mis a nu, “ 1862]

Work and play are words used to describe the same thing under differing conditions. [attributed to Mark Twain]

work (v.)

古英语 wyrcan (过去时 worhte, 过去分词 geworht) “准备, 执行, 做, 制造, 建造, 生产; 努力追寻” (来自于原日耳曼语 *wurkjanan); 以及古英语 wircan (默西亚语) “操作, 运作, 启动” 的融合, 这是一个相对较晚形成的二级动词, 来自于原日耳曼语名词 *werkan (见 work (n.) ).

“进行体力劳动” 的意义在古英语中, “ply one's trade” 和“exert creative power, be a creator” 的意义也是如此. 转义意义“把(物理物质) 操纵成预期的状态或形式” 在古英语中是. 意思是“具有预期或所需的效果” 是14世纪末的 在中古英语中也有“性表演” (13世纪中叶). 相关: Worked (15 世纪); wrought; working.

意思是“有预期或期望的效果”. work in “插入, 引入或混合”, 作为一种材料与另一种材料, 到了1670年代; 因此, 形象意义上的“引起反复努力进入或渗透”. 要 work up (转义) “带入某种状态或条件” 是由1590年代的物质性事物, 1690年代的非物质性事物; 因此“通过劳动或特殊的努力, 使之达到更高的状态或条件” (1660年代). 意思是“激发, 激起, 提高, 唤醒” 是由17世纪. To work over “打打杀杀” 是1927年的事. 要 work against “企图颠覆” 出自14世纪末.

work out “通过持续的劳动或努力带来或促成(一种结果)” 是到1530年代. 如“使之达到更充分或完成的状态, 阐述, 发展”, 到1821年. 意为“解决, 计算解决” 一个问题或疑问, 是1848年以前的事. 不及物意义“使其出路” 是17世纪的; “成功” 的意义是由1909年证明的. 矿井等“的意义是1540年代的. 1927年,” 拳击练习(而不是在比赛中) “的拳击意义, 因此,” 练习, 排练“(1929年) 和” 锻炼“(1948年) 的一般意义.

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Definitions of work from WordNet
1
work (v.)
exert oneself by doing mental or physical work for a purpose or out of necessity;
I will work hard to improve my grades
she worked hard for better living conditions for the poor
work (v.)
be employed;
My wife never worked
Do you want to work after the age of 60?
She works as a waitress to put herself through college
She never did any work because she inherited a lot of money
Is your husband working again?
Synonyms: do work
work (v.)
have an effect or outcome; often the one desired or expected;
The medicine works only if you take it with a lot of water
The voting process doesn't work as well as people thought
This method doesn't work
How does your idea work in practice?
Synonyms: act
work (v.)
perform as expected when applied;
This old radio doesn't work anymore
Synonyms: function / operate / go / run
work (v.)
shape, form, or improve a material;
work the metal
work stone into tools
Synonyms: work on / process
work (v.)
give a workout to;
My personal trainer works me hard
work one's muscles
Synonyms: exercise / work out
work (v.)
proceed along a path;
work one's way through the crowd
Synonyms: make
work (v.)
operate in a certain place, area, or specialty;
She works the night clubs
This artist works mostly in acrylics
The salesman works the Midwest
work (v.)
proceed towards a goal or along a path or through an activity;
work your way through every problem or task
She was working on her second martini when the guests arrived
Start from the bottom and work towards the top
work (v.)
move in an agitated manner;
His fingers worked with tension
work (v.)
cause to happen or to occur as a consequence;
I cannot work a miracle
Synonyms: bring / play / wreak / make for
work (v.)
cause to work;
he is working his servants hard
Synonyms: put to work
work (v.)
prepare for crops;
Synonyms: cultivate / crop
work (v.)
behave in a certain way when handled;
This dough does not work easily
The soft metal works well
work (v.)
have and exert influence or effect;
The artist's work influenced the young painter
She worked on her friends to support the political candidate
Synonyms: influence / act upon
work (v.)
operate in or through;
work (v.)
cause to operate or function;
This pilot works the controls
Can you work an electric drill?
work (v.)
provoke or excite;
The rock musician worked the crowd of young girls into a frenzy
work (v.)
gratify and charm, usually in order to influence;
the political candidate worked the crowds
work (v.)
make something, usually for a specific function;
Synonyms: shape / form / mold / mould / forge
work (v.)
move into or onto;
work the body onto the flatbed truck
the student worked a few jokes into his presentation
work the raisins into the dough
work (v.)
make uniform;
work the clay until it is soft
Synonyms: knead
work (v.)
use or manipulate to one's advantage;
he works his parents for sympathy
She knows how to work the system
Synonyms: exploit
work (v.)
find the solution to (a problem or question) or understand the meaning of;
He could not work the math problem
this unpleasant situation isn't going to work itself out
Synonyms: solve / work out / figure out / puzzle out / lick
work (v.)
cause to undergo fermentation;
The vintner worked the wine in big oak vats
Synonyms: ferment
work (v.)
go sour or spoil;
The wine worked
Synonyms: sour / turn / ferment
work (v.)
arrive at a certain condition through repeated motion;
The stitches of the hem worked loose after she wore the skirt many times
2
work (n.)
activity directed toward making or doing something;
she checked several points needing further work
work (n.)
a product produced or accomplished through the effort or activity or agency of a person or thing;
erosion is the work of wind or water over time
it is not regarded as one of his more memorable works
the work of an active imagination
the symphony was hailed as an ingenious work
he was indebted to the pioneering work of John Dewey
Synonyms: piece of work
work (n.)
the occupation for which you are paid;
a lot of people are out of work
Synonyms: employment
work (n.)
applying the mind to learning and understanding a subject (especially by reading);
mastering a second language requires a lot of work
Synonyms: study
work (n.)
(physics) a manifestation of energy; the transfer of energy from one physical system to another expressed as the product of a force and the distance through which it moves a body in the direction of that force;
work equals force times distance
work (n.)
a place where work is done;
he arrived at work early today
Synonyms: workplace
work (n.)
the total output of a writer or artist (or a substantial part of it);
Picasso's work can be divided into periods
Synonyms: oeuvre / body of work
From wordnet.princeton.edu