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wise (adj.)

古英语 wis “博学的, 狡猾的, 狡猾的; 理智的; 审慎的, 谨慎的; 有经验的; 有辨别和正确判断的能力”, 来自于原日耳曼语 *wissaz (也是古撒克逊语, 古弗里斯兰语 wis, 古诺尔语 viss, 荷兰语 wijs, 德语 weise “明智的” 的来源), 来自于PIE词根 *weid- “看” (因此是“知道” )的过去分词形容词 *wittos. 现代俚语意为“意识到, 狡猾”, 最早见于1896年. 与古英语 witan “知道, 机智” 的来源有关.

A wise man has no extensive knowledge; He who has extensive knowledge is not a wise man. [Lao-tzu, “Tao te Ching,” c. 550 B. C. E. ]

Wise man 在古英语中. Wise guy 从1896年开始考证, 美式英语; wise-ass (n.) 到1966年, 美式英语(可能是德克尔和韦伯斯特1607年的喜剧“西行锄头” 中的短语所要表达的字面意思). Wisenheimer, 带有嘲讽德语或意第绪语的姓氏后缀, 最早记录于1904年.

wise (n.)

“进行方式, 方式”, 古英语 wise “方式, 时尚, 习俗, 习惯, 方式; 条件, 状态, 环境”, 来自于原日耳曼语 *wison “外表, 形式, 方式” (见 wise (adj.) ). 比较古撒克逊语 wisa, 古弗里斯兰语 wis, 丹麦语 vis, 中荷兰语 wise, 荷兰语 wijs, 古高德语 wisa, 德语 Weise “方式, 态度”. 现在在英语中最常见的是作为构词元素(如 likewise, clockwise); 副词 -wise 从古英语开始就一直这样使用. 关于从“看” 到“进行方式” 的意义演变, 比较同源的希腊文 eidos “形式, 形状, 种类”, 也是“行动的过程”. 地义是“看到/知道方式”.

wise (v.)

古英语 wisean “使人明智或知晓” (转义), 与古弗里斯兰语 wisa, 古撒克逊语 wisian, 中荷兰语 wisen, 荷兰语 wijzen, 古高德语 wisan, 德语 weisen 同源; 来自 wise (adj. 在1905年之前, 不经意间的 wise up 已经得到证明.

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Definitions of wise from WordNet
1
wise (adj.)
evidencing the possession of inside information;
Synonyms: knowing / wise to
wise (adj.)
having or prompted by wisdom or discernment;
a wise and perceptive comment
a wise leader
wise (adj.)
marked by the exercise of good judgment or common sense in practical matters;
a wise decision
Synonyms: judicious / heady
wise (adj.)
improperly forward or bold;
Don't get wise with me!
Synonyms: fresh / impertinent / impudent / overbold / smart / saucy / sassy
2
wise (n.)
a way of doing or being;
in no wise
in this wise
3
Wise (n.)
United States Jewish leader (born in Hungary) (1874-1949);
Synonyms: Stephen Samuel Wise
Wise (n.)
United States religious leader (born in Bohemia) who united reform Jewish organizations in the United States (1819-1900);
Synonyms: Isaac Mayer Wise
From wordnet.princeton.edu