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wise (adj.)

古英语 wis "博学的,狡猾的,狡猾的;理智的;审慎的,谨慎的;有经验的;有辨别和正确判断的能力",来自于原日耳曼语 *wissaz (也是古撒克逊语、古弗里斯兰语 wis ,古诺尔语 viss ,荷兰语 wijs ,德语 weise "明智的"的来源),来自于PIE词根 *weid- "看"(因此是"知道")的过去分词形容词 *wittos 。现代俚语意为"意识到,狡猾",最早见于1896年。与古英语 witan "知道,机智"的来源有关。

A wise man has no extensive knowledge; He who has extensive knowledge is not a wise man. [Lao-tzu, "Tao te Ching," c. 550 B.C.E.]

Wise man 在古英语中。 Wise guy 从1896年开始考证,美式英语; wise-ass (n.)到1966年,美式英语(可能是德克尔和韦伯斯特1607年的喜剧"西行锄头"中的短语所要表达的字面意思)。 Wisenheimer ,带有嘲讽德语或意第绪语的姓氏后缀,最早记录于1904年。

wise (n.)

"进行方式、方式",古英语 wise "方式、时尚、习俗、习惯、方式;条件、状态、环境",来自于原日耳曼语 *wison "外表、形式、方式"(见 wise (adj.))。比较古撒克逊语 wisa ,古弗里斯兰语 wis ,丹麦语 vis ,中荷兰语 wise ,荷兰语 wijs ,古高德语 wisa ,德语 Weise "方式、态度"。现在在英语中最常见的是作为构词元素(如 likewiseclockwise );副词 -wise 从古英语开始就一直这样使用。关于从"看"到"进行方式"的意义演变,比较同源的希腊文 eidos "形式、形状、种类",也是"行动的过程"。地义是"看到/知道方式"。

wise (v.)

古英语 wisean "使人明智或知晓"(转义),与古弗里斯兰语 wisa ,古撒克逊语 wisian ,中荷兰语 wisen ,荷兰语 wijzen ,古高德语 wisan ,德语 weisen 同源;来自 wise ( adj.在1905年之前,不经意间的 wise up 已经得到证明。

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Definitions of wise from WordNet
1
wise (adj.)
evidencing the possession of inside information;
Synonyms: knowing / wise to
wise (adj.)
having or prompted by wisdom or discernment;
a wise and perceptive comment
a wise leader
wise (adj.)
marked by the exercise of good judgment or common sense in practical matters;
a wise decision
Synonyms: judicious / heady
wise (adj.)
improperly forward or bold;
Don't get wise with me!
Synonyms: fresh / impertinent / impudent / overbold / smart / saucy / sassy
2
wise (n.)
a way of doing or being;
in no wise
in this wise
3
Wise (n.)
United States Jewish leader (born in Hungary) (1874-1949);
Synonyms: Stephen Samuel Wise
Wise (n.)
United States religious leader (born in Bohemia) who united reform Jewish organizations in the United States (1819-1900);
Synonyms: Isaac Mayer Wise
From wordnet.princeton.edu