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whole (adj.)

古英语 hal “整个的, 完整的; 未受伤害, 未受损伤, 安全的; 健康的, 健全的; 真正的, 直截了当的,” 来自于原日耳曼语 *haila- “未受损害的” (来源也是古撒克逊语 hel, 古诺尔斯语 heill, 古弗里斯兰语 hal, 中荷兰语 hiel, 荷兰语 heel, 古高德语, 德语 heil “救赎, 福利” ), 来自于PIE *kailo- “完整的, 未受伤害的, 好兆头的” (来源也是古教会斯拉夫语 celu “完整的, 完整的;” 见 health).

wh- 的拼写在 15 世纪早期发展起来 whole number 的意义是来自 14 世纪早期 Whole milk 是来自 1782 年. On the whole “考虑所有事实或情况” 是来自 1690 年代. 短语 whole hog, 见 hog (n.).

whole (n.)

“整个机构或公司; 全额”, 14世纪末, 来自 whole (adj.

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Definitions of whole from WordNet
1
whole (adj.)
(of siblings) having the same parents;
whole brothers and sisters
whole (adj.)
including all components without exception; being one unit or constituting the full amount or extent or duration; complete;
gave his whole attention
the whole hog
a whole loaf of bread
a whole wardrobe for the tropics
the baby cried the whole trip home
a whole week
whole (adj.)
not injured or harmed;
Synonyms: unharmed / unhurt / unscathed
whole (adj.)
exhibiting or restored to vigorous good health;
a whole person again
whole in mind and body
Synonyms: hale
whole (adj.)
acting together as a single undiversified whole;
Synonyms: solid / unanimous
2
whole (n.)
all of something including all its component elements or parts;
Europe considered as a whole
the whole of American literature
whole (n.)
an assemblage of parts that is regarded as a single entity;
how big is that part compared to the whole?
Synonyms: unit
3
whole (adv.)
to a complete degree or to the full or entire extent (`whole' is often used informally for `wholly');
a whole new idea
From wordnet.princeton.edu