white (adj.)

古英语 hwit “明亮, 光芒四射; 清晰, 公平,” 也是一个名词(见单独的条目), 来自于原日耳曼语 *hweit- (也是古撒克逊语和古弗里斯兰语 hwit, 古北欧语 hvitr, 荷兰语 wit, 古高德语 hwiz, 德语 weiß, 哥特语 hveits), 来自于PIE *kweid-o-, 是根 *kweit- “white. to shine” 的后缀形式(也是梵语 “white” 的来源). (也是梵文 svetah “白色” 的来源; 古教会斯拉夫语 sviteti “照耀”, svetu “光”; 立陶宛语 šviesti “照耀”, švaityti “明亮” ).

作为一个姓氏, 最初是指白皙的头发或肤色, 它是英语中最古老的姓氏之一, 在征服之前就已经确立. 意为“道德上纯洁”, 在古英语中. 与保皇派事业的联系是18世纪末俚语意义上的“可敬的, 公平的” 是1877年, 美国英语; 在中世纪英语中, 它的意思是“亲切的, 友好的, 有利的”. 种族意义上的“那些以浅肤色为特征的种族(主要是欧洲人或欧洲人的血统)” 是17世纪的记载; 意义上的“白人的特征或与白人有关” 是1852年的, 美式英语. White supremacy 证明从1868年, 美国英语[约翰-H. 范-埃夫里, 医学博士, “白人至上和黑人从属关系,” 纽约, 1868年]. white flight 是1966年的, 美式英语.

White way “大城市里灯火通明的街道” 来自1908年. White flag of truce or surrender是来自17世纪. White lie 被证明从1741年. White Christmas 是1847年的证据. White House 作为美国总统官邸的名称, 记载于1811年. White water “急流河” 是从1580年代开始记载的. White Russian “白俄罗斯的语言” 是从1850年开始记录的; 混合饮料是1978年左右的. 天文 white dwarf 是1924年的 White witch, 一个利用权力做好事的人, 是1620年代的.

white (n.)

古英语 hwit “whiteness, 白色的食物, 鸡蛋的白色”, 来自 white (adj. 也是古英语后期的“一种没有色度的高度发光的颜色”. 意为“眼球的白色部分”, 来自15世纪. 意为“白人, 以浅色肤色为特征的种族的人”, 来自1670年代; 这个意义上的 white man, 来自1690年代. White man's burden, 来自吉卜林1899年的诗.

Take up the White Man's burden—
The savage wars of peace—
Fill full the mouth of Famine
And bid the sickness cease;
And when your goal is nearest
The end for others sought,
Watch sloth and heathen Folly
Bring all your hopes to nought.

updated on August 23, 2020

Definitions of white from WordNet
white (adj.)
being of the achromatic color of maximum lightness; having little or no hue owing to reflection of almost all incident light;
a bride's white dress
as white as fresh snow
white (adj.)
of or belonging to a racial group having light skin coloration;
voting patterns within the white population
white (adj.)
free from moral blemish or impurity; unsullied;
in shining white armor
white (adj.)
marked by the presence of snow;
a white Christmas
the white hills of a northern winter
Synonyms: snowy
white (adj.)
restricted to whites only;
a lily-white movement which would expel Negroes from the organization
under segregation there were even white restrooms and white drinking fountains
Synonyms: lily-white
white (adj.)
glowing white with heat;
white flames
a white-hot center of the fire
Synonyms: white-hot
white (adj.)
benevolent; without malicious intent;
that's white of you
white (adj.)
(of a surface) not written or printed on;
wide white margins
Synonyms: blank / clean
white (adj.)
(of coffee) having cream or milk added;
white (adj.)
(of hair) having lost its color;
the white hairs of old age
Synonyms: whitened
white (adj.)
anemic looking from illness or emotion; "lips...livid with the hue of death"- Mary W. Shelley;
lips white with terror
a face white with rage
Synonyms: ashen / blanched / bloodless / livid
white (adj.)
of summer nights in northern latitudes where the sun barely sets;
white nights
white (n.)
the quality or state of the achromatic color of greatest lightness (bearing the least resemblance to black);
Synonyms: whiteness
white (n.)
the white part of an egg; the nutritive and protective gelatinous substance surrounding the yolk consisting mainly of albumin dissolved in water;
she separated the whites from the yolks of several eggs
Synonyms: egg white / albumen / ovalbumin
white (n.)
(board games) the lighter pieces;
white (n.)
(usually in the plural) trousers made of flannel or gabardine or tweed or white cloth;
Synonyms: flannel / gabardine / tweed
white (v.)
turn white;
Synonyms: whiten
White (n.)
a Caucasian;
Synonyms: White person / Caucasian
White (n.)
United States jurist appointed chief justice of the United States Supreme Court in 1910 by President Taft; noted for his work on antitrust legislation (1845-1921);
Synonyms: Edward White / Edward D. White / Edward Douglas White Jr.
White (n.)
Australian writer (1912-1990);
Synonyms: Patrick White / Patrick Victor Martindale White
White (n.)
United States political journalist (1915-1986);
Synonyms: T. H. White / Theodore Harold White
White (n.)
United States architect (1853-1906);
Synonyms: Stanford White
White (n.)
United States writer noted for his humorous essays (1899-1985);
Synonyms: E. B. White / Elwyn Brooks White
White (n.)
United States educator who in 1865 (with Ezra Cornell) founded Cornell University and served as its first president (1832-1918);
Synonyms: Andrew D. White / Andrew Dickson White
White (n.)
a tributary of the Mississippi River that flows southeastward through northern Arkansas and southern Missouri;
Synonyms: White River
From, not affiliated with etymonline.