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well (adv.)

"以令人满意的方式",古英语 wel "丰富,非常,非常多;的确,可以肯定;有充分的理由。几乎,大部分,"来自于原日耳曼语 *wel- (来源也是古撒克逊语 wela ,古北欧语 vel ,古弗里斯兰语 wel ,荷兰语 wel ,古高德语 wela ,德语 wohl ,哥特语 waila "好"),来自于PIE根 *wel- (2)"希望,意愿"(来源也是梵文 prati varam "随意",古教会斯拉夫语 vole "好",威尔士语 gwell "更好",拉丁语 velle "希望,意愿",古英语 willan "希望;"见 will (v.)).

在古英语中也用作插入语和表示惊讶。该形容词在古英语中的意义是"幸运、快乐",来自副词;"令人满意"的意义来自14世纪晚期;"合意的希望或愿望"来自15世纪中叶;"身体健康,不生病"来自1550年代。 Well-to-do "繁荣"到1794年就有记载。

well (v.)

"涌现、上升、涌出",古英语 wiellan (盎格鲁语 wællan ), weallan "沸腾、冒泡、上升(指河流)"的因果关系(七级强动词。过去时 weoll ,过去分词 weallen ),来自于原日耳曼语 *wellanan "滚"(也是古撒克逊语 wallan ,古北欧语 vella ,古弗里斯兰语 walla ,古高德语 wallan ,德语 wallen ,哥特语 wulan "冒泡,沸腾"的来源),来自于PIE根 *wel- (3)"转动,旋转",在"水的沸腾或冒泡"的概念上。"

well (n.)

"挖洞取水,水泉",古英语 wielle (西撒克逊语), welle (盎格鲁语)"水泉、喷泉",出自 wiellan (见 well (五))。"一旦泉水开始被利用为供水源,它就或多或少地彻底变成了一口井"[世纪词典]。形象意义上的"源头,任何东西都是从这里引来的"是古英语。

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Definitions of well from WordNet
1
well (adv.)
(often used as a combining form) in a good or proper or satisfactory manner or to a high standard (`good' is a nonstandard dialectal variant for `well');
a well-argued thesis
the children behaved well
a task well done
the party went well
a well-seasoned dish
he slept well
a well-planned party
Synonyms: good
well (adv.)
thoroughly or completely; fully; often used as a combining form;
The problem is well understood
she was well informed
shake well before using
well-done beef
well-satisfied customers
in order to avoid food poisoning be sure the meat is well cooked
well-educated
well (adv.)
indicating high probability; in all likelihood;
I might well do it
you may well need your umbrella
he could equally well be trying to deceive us
Synonyms: easily
well (adv.)
(used for emphasis or as an intensifier) entirely or fully;
a book well worth reading
was well aware of the difficulties ahead
suspected only too well what might be going on
well (adv.)
to a suitable or appropriate extent or degree;
the fetus has well developed organs
the project was well underway
his father was well pleased with his grades
well (adv.)
favorably; with approval;
he thought well of the book
their neighbors spoke well of them
well (adv.)
to a great extent or degree;
I'm afraid the film was well over budget
Synonyms: considerably / substantially
well (adv.)
with great or especially intimate knowledge;
we knew them well
Synonyms: intimately
well (adv.)
with prudence or propriety;
You would do well to say nothing more
could not well refuse
well (adv.)
with skill or in a pleasing manner;
he writes well
she dances well
well (adv.)
in a manner affording benefit or advantage;
she married well
Synonyms: advantageously
well (adv.)
in financial comfort;
They live well
Synonyms: comfortably
well (adv.)
without unusual distress or resentment; with good humor;
took the joke well
took the tragic news well
2
well (n.)
a deep hole or shaft dug or drilled to obtain water or oil or gas or brine;
well (n.)
a cavity or vessel used to contain liquid;
well (n.)
an abundant source;
she was a well of information
well (n.)
an open shaft through the floors of a building (as for a stairway);
well (n.)
an enclosed compartment in a ship or plane for holding something as e.g. fish or a plane's landing gear or for protecting something as e.g. a ship's pumps;
3
well (adj.)
resulting favorably;
all's well that ends well
it is well that no one saw you
Synonyms: good
well (adj.)
wise or advantageous and hence advisable;
it would be well to start early
well (adj.)
in good health especially after having suffered illness or injury; "I think I'm well; at least I feel well";
appears to be entirely well
a well man
the wound is nearly well
4
well (v.)
come up, as of a liquid;
Tears well in her eyes
the currents well up
Synonyms: swell
From wordnet.princeton.edu