Etymology
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water (n.1)

古英语 wæter, 来自于原日耳曼语 *watr- (也是古撒克逊语 watar, 古弗里斯兰语 wetir, 荷兰语 water, 古高德语 wazzar, 德语 Wasser, 古北欧语 vatn, 哥特语 wato “水” 的来源), 来自于PIE *wod-or, 是根 *wed- (1) “水; 湿” 的后缀形式.

形象意义上的to keep (one's) head above water 是从1742年开始记录的. Water cooler 是从1846年开始记录的; water polo 是从1884年开始记录的; water torture 是从1928年开始记录的. 语言学家认为, PIE有两个水的词根: *ap-*wed-. 第一个词(保留在梵文 apah 以及 Punjabjulep) 是“有生命的”, 指水是一种有生命的力量; 后者指水是一种无生命的物质. fire (n.) 可能也是如此.

Origin and meaning of water

water (v.)

古英语 wæ terian “润泽, 灌溉, 供水; 引(牛) 入水;” 出自 water (n. 1). 意思是“稀释”, 从14世纪末有记载; 现在通常为 water down (1850). To make water “尿” 的记载来自15世纪初 相关: Watered; watering.

Origin and meaning of water

water (n.2)

衡量钻石质量的标准, 17世纪, 来自 water (n. 1), 也许是阿拉伯语 ma' “水” 的翻译, 也用于“光泽, 辉煌” 的意思.

updated on October 13, 2021

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Definitions of water from WordNet
1
water (n.)
binary compound that occurs at room temperature as a clear colorless odorless tasteless liquid; freezes into ice below 0 degrees centigrade and boils above 100 degrees centigrade; widely used as a solvent;
Synonyms: ho
water (n.)
the part of the earth's surface covered with water (such as a river or lake or ocean);
they invaded our territorial waters
they were sitting by the water's edge
Synonyms: body of water
water (n.)
once thought to be one of four elements composing the universe (Empedocles);
water (n.)
a facility that provides a source of water;
first you have to cut off the water
the town debated the purification of the water supply
Synonyms: water system / water supply
water (n.)
liquid excretory product;
the child had to make water
Synonyms: urine / piss / pee / piddle / weewee
water (n.)
a liquid necessary for the life of most animals and plants;
he asked for a drink of water
2
water (v.)
supply with water, as with channels or ditches or streams;
Synonyms: irrigate
water (v.)
provide with water;
We watered the buffalo
water (v.)
secrete or form water, as tears or saliva;
His eyes watered
My mouth watered at the prospect of a good dinner
water (v.)
fill with tears;
His eyes were watering
From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.