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war (n.)

晚期古英语 wyrrewerre "大规模的军事冲突",来自古北法语 werre "战争"(古法语 guerre "困难、争端;敌对;战斗、作战、战争;"现代法语 guerre ),来自法兰克语 *werra ,来自原日耳曼语 *werz-a- (来源也是古撒克逊语 werran ,古高德语 werran ,德语 verwirren "混淆、迷惑"),来自PIE *wers- (1)"混淆、混杂"。从同源词来看,其原义是"使人陷入混乱"。

西班牙文、葡萄牙文和意大利文 guerra ,也是来自日耳曼文;罗马民族为了避免拉丁文 bellum (见 bellicose )的"战争"一词,可能转向日耳曼文,因为其形式往往与 bello- "美丽"合并。在历史时代之初,日耳曼人并没有一个通用的"战争"词。古英语中有许多诗意的"战争"词( wig , guð , heaðo , hild , 都是人名中常见的词),但翻译拉丁文 bellum ,通常是 gewin "斗争、争斗"(与 win (v.)有关)。

war-time 的第一个记录是 14 世纪末 Warpath (1775 年)最初是指北美印第安人, war-whoop (1761 年)、 war-paint (1826 年)和 war-dance (1757 年)也是如此。 War crime 第一次被证明是在 1906 年(在 Oppenheim 的"国际法"中)。 War chest 从 1901 年开始被证明;现在通常是形象化的。 War games 翻译成德语 Kriegspiel (见 kriegspiel )。

war (v.)

"开战",12世纪中叶;见 war (n.)。相关链接: Warred ; warring

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Definitions of war from WordNet
1
war (n.)
the waging of armed conflict against an enemy;
thousands of people were killed in the war
Synonyms: warfare
war (n.)
a legal state created by a declaration of war and ended by official declaration during which the international rules of war apply;
war was declared in November but actual fighting did not begin until the following spring
Synonyms: state of war
war (n.)
an active struggle between competing entities;
a war of wits
a price war
Synonyms: warfare
war (n.)
a concerted campaign to end something that is injurious;
the war against crime
the war on poverty
2
war (v.)
make or wage war;
From wordnet.princeton.edu