Etymology
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virus (n.)

14世纪晚期, “有毒物质”, 来自拉丁文 virus “毒药, 植物的汁液, 粘稠的液体, 有效的汁液”, 来自古意大利语 *weis-o-(s-) “毒药”, 这可能来自一个PIE根 *ueis-,, 也许最初的意思是“融化掉, 流淌”, 用于指肮脏或恶臭的液体, 但在一些语言中专门用于“毒液” (也是梵文 visam “毒液, 毒药”, visah “有毒” 的来源. “阿维斯坦语 vish-” 毒药; “拉丁语 viscum” 粘性物质, 鸟石灰; “. 希腊语 ios” 毒药“, ixos” 槲寄生, 鸟石灰; “古教会斯拉夫语 višnja” 樱桃“; 古爱尔兰语 fi” 毒药“; 威尔士语 gwy” 毒药“).)” 引起传染病的病原体“的意思在1728年就有记载(指性病); 现代科学使用可追溯到19世纪80年代. 计算机意义是1972年的.

Origin and meaning of virus

updated on October 13, 2021

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Definitions of virus from WordNet

virus (n.)
(virology) ultramicroscopic infectious agent that replicates itself only within cells of living hosts; many are pathogenic; a piece of nucleic acid (DNA or RNA) wrapped in a thin coat of protein;
virus (n.)
a harmful or corrupting agency;
the virus of jealousy is latent in everyone
bigotry is a virus that must not be allowed to spread
virus (n.)
a software program capable of reproducing itself and usually capable of causing great harm to files or other programs on the same computer;
a true virus cannot spread to another computer without human assistance
Synonyms: computer virus
From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.