Etymology
Advertisement

virtue (n.)

13世纪, vertu, “道德生活和行为; 一种特殊的道德优秀,” 来自英法和古法语 vertu “武力, 力量, 活力; 道德力量; 品质, 能力” (10世纪古法语), 来自拉丁语 virtutem (名词 virtus) “道德力量, 高尚品格, 善良; 男子气概; 英勇, 勇敢, 勇气(在战争中); 优秀, 价值”, 来自 vir “男人” (来自PIE根 *wi-ro- “男人” ).

For my part I honour with the name of virtue the habit of acting in a way troublesome to oneself and useful to others. [Stendhal “de l'Amour,” 1822]

特别是(在女性中) “贞洁, 性纯洁”, 出自1590年代. 短语 by virtue of (13世纪初) 保留了“功效” 的另一种中英意义. 怀克里夫圣经有 virtue, KJV用 power. seven cardinal virtues (14世纪初) 分为自然的(正义, 谨慎, 节制, 坚韧) 和神学的(希望, 信仰, 慈善). 以 make a virtue of a necessity (14世纪末) 翻译拉丁文 facere de necessitate virtutem [杰罗姆].

Origin and meaning of virtue

updated on October 13, 2021

Advertisement
Advertisement
Definitions of virtue from WordNet

virtue (n.)
the quality of doing what is right and avoiding what is wrong;
Synonyms: virtuousness / moral excellence
virtue (n.)
any admirable quality or attribute;
Synonyms: merit
virtue (n.)
morality with respect to sexual relations;
Synonyms: chastity / sexual morality
virtue (n.)
a particular moral excellence;
From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.