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virtue (n.)

13世纪, vertu, “道德生活和行为; 一种特殊的道德优秀,” 来自英法和古法语 vertu “武力, 力量, 活力; 道德力量; 品质, 能力” (10世纪古法语), 来自拉丁语 virtutem (名词 virtus) “道德力量, 高尚品格, 善良; 男子气概; 英勇, 勇敢, 勇气(在战争中); 优秀, 价值”, 来自 vir “男人” (来自PIE根 *wi-ro- “男人” ).

For my part I honour with the name of virtue the habit of acting in a way troublesome to oneself and useful to others. [Stendhal “de l'Amour,” 1822]

特别是(在女性中) “贞洁, 性纯洁”, 出自1590年代. 短语 by virtue of (13世纪初) 保留了“功效” 的另一种中英意义. 怀克里夫圣经有 virtue, KJV用 power. seven cardinal virtues (14世纪初) 分为自然的(正义, 谨慎, 节制, 坚韧) 和神学的(希望, 信仰, 慈善). 以 make a virtue of a necessity (14世纪末) 翻译拉丁文 facere de necessitate virtutem [杰罗姆].

Origin and meaning of virtue

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Definitions of virtue

virtue (n.)
the quality of doing what is right and avoiding what is wrong;
Synonyms: virtuousness / moral excellence
virtue (n.)
any admirable quality or attribute;
Synonyms: merit
virtue (n.)
morality with respect to sexual relations;
Synonyms: chastity / sexual morality
virtue (n.)
a particular moral excellence;
From wordnet.princeton.edu