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understand (v.)

古英语 understandan "领会、掌握观念",可能字面意思是"站在其中",来自 under + standan "站在"(见 stand (五))。如果是这个意思, under 不是通常的词,意思是"下面",而是来自古英语 under ,来自 PIE *nter- "之间,当中"(也是梵文 antar "当中,之间",拉丁文 inter "之间,当中",希腊文 entera "肠子;"见 inter- )的来源。相关: Understood ; understanding

这是巴恩哈特的建议,但其他来源认为,"之间,之间,之前,在存在的"意义的古英语前缀和介词 under ,作为同一个词的其他含义。"其中"似乎是许多与 understand ,如 underniman "接受"、 undersecan "检查、调查、审视"(字面意思是"下寻")、 underðencan "考虑、改变主意"、 underginnan "开始"等古英语化合物中的意义。这似乎也是目前仍在表达中的意义,如 under such circumstances

也许最终的意义是"接近;"比较希腊语 epistamai "我知道如何,我知道",字面意思是"我站在"。在古弗里斯兰语( understonda )、中丹麦语( understande )中也有类似的形式,而其他日耳曼语则使用意为"站在"的化合物(德语 verstehen ,在古英语中以 forstanden "理解"为代表,也有"反对、承受"的意思)。对于这个概念,大多数印欧语系语言都使用字面意思为"放在一起"或"分开"或"拿着、抓着"的化合物的形象扩展(见 comprehend )。古英语 oferstandan ,中英语 overstonden ,字面意思"over-stand"似乎只在字面意义上使用过。对于物理意义上的"站在",古英语有 undergestandan

Origin and meaning of understand

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Definitions of understand from WordNet

understand (v.)
know and comprehend the nature or meaning of;
I understand what she means
She did not understand her husband
understand (v.)
perceive (an idea or situation) mentally;
I don't understand the idea
Synonyms: realize / realise / see
understand (v.)
make sense of a language;
She understands French
Synonyms: read / interpret / translate
understand (v.)
believe to be the case;
I understand you have no previous experience?
Synonyms: infer
understand (v.)
be understanding of;
You don't need to explain--I understand!
From wordnet.princeton.edu