truth (n.)

古英语 triewð (西撒克逊语), treowð (默西亚语) “信仰, 忠诚, 忠实, 忠诚; 真实性, 真实的品质; 保证, 契约”, 来自日耳曼语抽象名词 *treuwitho, 来自原日耳曼语 treuwaz “具有或以诚信为特征”, 来自PIE *drew-o-, 是词根 *deru- 的后缀形式“be firm, solid, stadfast”. 与日耳曼语抽象名词后缀 *-itho (见 -th (2) ).

“真实的东西” 的意义最早记载于14世纪中叶 意为“准确, 正确” 是1560年代的. 英语和其他大多数IE语言没有“说真话” 的主动词, 与 lie (v.) 形成鲜明对比. Truth squad 在美国政治意义上最早见于1952年美国总统选举活动.

At midweek the Republican campaign was bolstered by an innovation—the “truth squad”. .. , a team of senators who trailed whistle-stopping Harry Truman to field what they denounced as his wild pitches. [Life magazine, Oct. 13, 1952]

Let [Truth] and Falsehood grapple; who ever knew Truth put to the worse, in a free and open encounter. [Milton, “Areopagitica,” 1644]

updated on August 17, 2020

Definitions of truth from WordNet
truth (n.)
a fact that has been verified;
at last he knew the truth
the truth is that he didn't want to do it
truth (n.)
conformity to reality or actuality;
the situation brought home to us the blunt truth of the military threat
he was famous for the truth of his portraits
they debated the truth of the proposition
Synonyms: the true / verity / trueness
truth (n.)
a true statement;
he thought of answering with the truth but he knew they wouldn't believe it
he told the truth
Synonyms: true statement
truth (n.)
the quality of being near to the true value;
the lawyer questioned the truth of my account
Synonyms: accuracy
Truth (n.)
United States abolitionist and feminist who was freed from slavery and became a leading advocate of the abolition of slavery and for the rights of women (1797-1883);
Synonyms: Sojourner Truth
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