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trump (n.1)

“花色等级高于其他花色的扑克牌”, 1520年代, 改 triumph (n.), 这也是一种纸牌游戏的名称.

trump (n.2)

“小号”, 14世纪, 源于古法语 trompe “长管状的吹奏乐器” (12世纪), 与普罗旺斯 tromba, 意大利 tromba, 都可能来自日耳曼语源(比较古高德 trumpa, 古北欧 trumba “小号” ), 模仿起源.

trump (v.1)

“超越, 击败”, 1580年代, 来自 trump (n.). 相关链接: Trumped; trumping.

trump (v.2)

“编造, 设计”, 1690年代, 来自 trump “欺骗, 欺骗” (1510年代), 来自中古英语 trumpen (14世纪末), 来自古法语 tromper “欺骗”, 来源不明. 显然来自 se tromper de “嘲弄”, 来自古法语 tromper “吹喇叭”. Brachet解释为“吹喇叭, 暗指庸医和登山者, 他们通过吹喇叭吸引公众, 然后欺骗他们购买. .. .”. 兴德利古法语词典把 baillier la trompe “吹喇叭” 当作“装傻”, 而唐金则把它与 trombe “waterspout” 联系起来, 颇有把(某人) 转过来的意思. 也有人提出了与 triumph 的联系. 相关: Trumped; trumping. Trumped up “假的, 编造的” 最早记载于1728年.

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Definitions of trump from WordNet
1
trump (v.)
produce a sound as if from a trumpet;
trump (v.)
get the better of;
Synonyms: outdo / outflank / best / scoop
trump (v.)
play a trump;
Synonyms: ruff
trump (v.)
proclaim or announce with or as if with a fanfare;
Synonyms: trump out
2
trump (n.)
a playing card in the suit that has been declared trumps;
the ace of trumps is a sure winner
Synonyms: trump card
trump (n.)
(card games) the suit that has been declared to rank above all other suits for the duration of the hand;
clubs were declared trumps
a trump can take a trick even when a card of a different suit is led
trump (n.)
a brass musical instrument with a brilliant tone; has a narrow tube and a flared bell and is played by means of valves;
Synonyms: cornet / horn / trumpet
From wordnet.princeton.edu