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trauma (n.)

1690年代,"肉体上的伤口",医学上的拉丁语,来自希腊语 trauma "伤口,伤害;失败",来自PIE *trau- ,根 *tere- (1)"摩擦、转动"的扩展形式,衍生词指扭曲、刺穿等。"心灵的伤口,不愉快的经历,造成异常的压力"的意义来自1894年。

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Definitions of trauma from WordNet

trauma (n.)
any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.;
Synonyms: injury / hurt / harm
trauma (n.)
an emotional wound or shock often having long-lasting effects;
Synonyms: psychic trauma
From wordnet.princeton.edu