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trauma (n.)

1690年代, “肉体上的伤口”, 医学上的拉丁语, 来自希腊语 trauma “伤口, 伤害; 失败”, 来自PIE *trau-, 根 *tere- (1) “摩擦, 转动” 的扩展形式, 衍生词指扭曲, 刺穿等. “心灵的伤口, 不愉快的经历, 造成异常的压力” 的意义来自1894年.

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Definitions of trauma from WordNet

trauma (n.)
any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.;
Synonyms: injury / hurt / harm
trauma (n.)
an emotional wound or shock often having long-lasting effects;
Synonyms: psychic trauma
From wordnet.princeton.edu