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tradition (n.)

14世纪末,"代代相传的声明、信仰或实践",尤其是"基于摩西律法的信仰或实践",来自古法语 tradicion "传递、陈述、交接"(13世纪末),直接来自拉丁语 traditionem (名词 traditio )"交付、交出、传承、放弃"(也有"教导、指示"和"从前流传下来的说法")。这是一个动作名词,来自 tradere "交付、交出"的过去分词干,来自 trans- "交出"(见 trans- )+ dare "给予"(来自PIE词根 *do- "给予")。该词是 treason (q.v.)的双关。意为"一种长期形成的习俗",出自1590年代。概念是指习俗、方式、信仰、学说等。"代代相传"。

Tradition is not solely, or even primarily, the maintenance of certain dogmatic beliefs; these beliefs have come to take their living form in the course of the formation of a tradition. What I mean by tradition involves all those habitual actions, habits and customs, from the most significant religious rite to our conventional way of greeting a stranger, which represent the blood kinship of 'the same people living in the same place'. ... We become conscious of these items, or conscious of their importance, usually only after they have begun to fall into desuetude, as we are aware of the leaves of a tree when the autumn wind begins to blow them off—when they have separately ceased to be vital. Energy may be wasted at that point in a frantic endeavour to collect the leaves as they fall and gum them onto the branches: but the sound tree will put forth new leaves, and the dry tree should be put to the axe. [T.S. Eliot, "After Strange Gods"]

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Definitions of tradition from WordNet

tradition (n.)
an inherited pattern of thought or action;
tradition (n.)
a specific practice of long standing;
Synonyms: custom
From wordnet.princeton.edu