time (n.)

古英语 tima “有限的时间空间”, 来自原日耳曼语 *timon- “时间” (也是古北欧语 timi “时间, 适当的时间” 的来源, 瑞典语 timme “一小时” ), 来自PIE *di-mon-, 是根 *da- “划分” 的后缀形式.

抽象意义上的“时间作为不确定的连续时间” 是从14世纪末开始记录的, 至少从1509年开始人格化为一个年老的光头男子(但有前锁), 手持镰刀和时杯. 在英语中, 一个词就包含了时间的“范围” 和“点” (法语 temps / fois, 德语 zeit / mal) 以及“小时” (如“现在几点了?” 比较法语 heure, 德语 Uhr). 扩展意义如“场合”, “合适的时间”, “闲暇” 或 times (v.) “乘以” 在古英语和中英语中得到发展, 可能是“他向上帝赞扬她一百次” (古法语 La comande a Deu cent foiz) 等短语的自然衍生.

to have a good time (= a time of enjoyment) was common in Eng. from c 1520 to c 1688; it was app. retained in America, whence readopted in Britain in 19th c. [OED]

Time of day (现在主要以否定式保存, 即别人不喜欢你就不给你的东西) 是17世纪流行的敬语(如“Good time of day vnto your Royall Grace”, “Richard III”, I. iii. 18), 因此 to give (one) the time of day “greet socially” (1590年代); 更早的是 give good day (14世纪中叶). The times “现时代” 是1590年代的. Behind the times “老气横秋” 是1831年的记载. “ Times” 作为报纸的名称, 可追溯到1788年.

Time warp 最早考证于1954年. time-traveling 在科幻小说的意义上, 最早记载于1895年H. G. 威尔斯的“时间机器”. Time capsule 最早记载于1938年, 指的是那个“被认为能够抵抗时间影响的五千年的时间保存了一个埋藏在纽约世界博览会的理由中的普遍成就的记载”.

Jones [archaeologist of A. D. 5139] potters about for a while in the region which we have come to regard as New York, finds countless ruins, but little of interest to the historian except a calcified direction sheet to something called a “Time Capsule.” Jones finds the capsule but cannot open it, and decides, after considerable prying at the lid, that it is merely evidence of an archaic tribal ceremony called a “publicity gag” of which he has already found many examples. [Princeton Alumni Weekly, April 14, 1939]

do time “服刑” 是1865年的. Time frame 是由1964年证明的. time-limit 是1880年的 About time, 讽刺的是“久违的时间”, 是1920年的记载. 要 on time 是到1854年在铁路上.

time (v.)

古英语 getimian “发生, 降临”, 来自 time (n.). 意思是“指定时间” (行动等) 从14世纪开始被证实; “测量或记录时间” (比赛, 事件等) 的意义最早被证实于1660年代. 相关链接: Timed; timing.

Definitions of time
time (n.)
an instance or single occasion for some event;
he called four times
this time he succeeded
Synonyms: clip
time (n.)
a period of time considered as a resource under your control and sufficient to accomplish something;
it took more than half my time
I didn't have time to finish
take time to smell the roses
he waited for a long time
time (n.)
an indefinite period (usually marked by specific attributes or activities);
he was a great actor in his time
the time of year for planting
time (n.)
a suitable moment;
it is time to go
time (n.)
the continuum of experience in which events pass from the future through the present to the past;
time flies like an arrow
he waited for along time
it took some time before he got an answer
time (n.)
a person's experience on a particular occasion;
they had a good time together
he had a time holding back the tears
time (n.)
a reading of a point in time as given by a clock;
the time is 10 o'clock
do you know what time it is?
Synonyms: clock time
time (n.)
the fourth coordinate that is required (along with three spatial dimensions) to specify a physical event;
Synonyms: fourth dimension
time (n.)
rhythm as given by division into parts of equal duration;
Synonyms: meter / metre
time (n.)
the period of time a prisoner is imprisoned;
he is doing time in the county jail
Synonyms: prison term / sentence
time (v.)
measure the time or duration of an event or action or the person who performs an action in a certain period of time;
Synonyms: clock
time (v.)
assign a time for an activity or event;
The candidate carefully timed his appearance at the disaster scene
time (v.)
set the speed, duration, or execution of;
we time the process to manufacture our cars very precisely
time (v.)
regulate or set the time of;
time the clock
time (v.)
adjust so that a force is applied and an action occurs at the desired time;
The good player times his swing so as to hit the ball squarely