Etymology
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testament (n.)

13世纪末, “处置财产的最后遗嘱”, 来自拉丁文 testamentum “最后的遗嘱, 公布遗嘱”, 来自 testari “立遗嘱, 做见证”, 来自 testis “见证”, 来自PIE *tri-st-i- “第三人站在旁边”, 来自根 *tris- “三” (见 three) 关于“第三人, 无私见证” 的概念.

在参考《圣经》的两个分部(14世纪初) 使用的是来自晚期拉丁文 vetus testamentumnovum testamentum, 希腊文 palaia diathekekaine diatheke 的借译. 晚期拉丁文 testamentum 在这里是混淆了希腊文 diatheke 的两种含义, 希腊文 既指“约, 配给”, 又指“旨意, 遗嘱”, 在《最后的晚餐》的记载中, 前者用于前者的意义(见 testimony), 但后来被解释为基督的“最后的遗嘱”.

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Definitions of testament
1
testament (n.)
a profession of belief;
he stated his political testament
testament (n.)
a legal document declaring a person's wishes regarding the disposal of their property when they die;
Synonyms: will
testament (n.)
strong evidence for something;
his easy victory was a testament to his skill
2
Testament (n.)
either of the two main parts of the Christian Bible;
From wordnet.princeton.edu