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testament (n.)

13世纪末,"处置财产的最后遗嘱",来自拉丁文 testamentum "最后的遗嘱,公布遗嘱",来自 testari "立遗嘱,做见证",来自 testis "见证",来自PIE *tri-st-i- "第三人站在旁边",来自根 *tris- "三"(见 three )关于"第三人,无私见证"的概念。

在参考《圣经》的两个分部(14世纪初)使用的是来自晚期拉丁文 vetus testamentumnovum testamentum ,希腊文 palaia diathekekaine diatheke 的借译。晚期拉丁文 testamentum 在这里是混淆了希腊文 diatheke 的两种含义,希腊文 既指"约、配给",又指"旨意、遗嘱",在《最后的晚餐》的记载中,前者用于前者的意义(见 testimony ),但后来被解释为基督的"最后的遗嘱"。

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Definitions of testament from WordNet
1
testament (n.)
a profession of belief;
he stated his political testament
testament (n.)
a legal document declaring a person's wishes regarding the disposal of their property when they die;
Synonyms: will
testament (n.)
strong evidence for something;
his easy victory was a testament to his skill
2
Testament (n.)
either of the two main parts of the Christian Bible;
From wordnet.princeton.edu