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sun (n.)

古英语 sunne "太阳",来自于原日耳曼语 *sunno (也是古北欧语、古撒克逊语、古高德语 sunna ,中荷兰语 sonne ,荷兰语 zon ,德语 Sonne ,哥特语 sunno "太阳"的来源),来自于PIE *s(u)wen- ,是根 *sawel- "太阳"的替代形式。

古英语 sunne 是女性化的(一般在日耳曼语中都是如此),16世纪以前英语中一直使用fem.代词;此后男性化占了上风。帝国 on which the sun never sets (1630年)原来是西班牙人,后来是英国人。对 have one's place in the sun (1680年代)来自帕斯卡尔的 "Pensées" ;德国帝国外交政策意义(1897年)来自冯-布洛的演讲。

sun (v.)

1510年代,"把东西放在阳光下",出自 sun (n.)。不及物的意思是"把自己暴露在阳光下",从17世纪就有记载。 Sun-bathing ,从17世纪就有证明。

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Definitions of sun from WordNet
1
sun (n.)
the star that is the source of light and heat for the planets in the solar system;
the sun contains 99.85% of the mass in the solar system
sun (n.)
the rays of the sun;
the shingles were weathered by the sun and wind
Synonyms: sunlight / sunshine
sun (n.)
a person considered as a source of warmth or energy or glory etc;
sun (n.)
any star around which a planetary system revolves;
2
sun (v.)
expose one's body to the sun;
Synonyms: sunbathe
sun (v.)
expose to the rays of the sun or affect by exposure to the sun;
These herbs suffer when sunned
Synonyms: insolate / solarize / solarise
3
Sun (n.)
the star that is the source of light and heat for the planets in the solar system;
the sun contains 99.85% of the mass in the solar system
Sun (n.)
first day of the week; observed as a day of rest and worship by most Christians;
Synonyms: Sunday / Lord's Day / Dominicus
From wordnet.princeton.edu