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sun (n.)

古英语 sunne “太阳”, 来自于原日耳曼语 *sunno (也是古北欧语, 古撒克逊语, 古高德语 sunna, 中荷兰语 sonne, 荷兰语 zon, 德语 Sonne, 哥特语 sunno “太阳” 的来源), 来自于PIE *s(u) wen-, 是根 *sawel- “太阳” 的替代形式.

古英语 sunne 是女性化的(一般在日耳曼语中都是如此), 16世纪以前英语中一直使用fem. 代词; 此后男性化占了上风. 帝国 on which the sun never sets (1630年) 原来是西班牙人, 后来是英国人. 对 have one's place in the sun (1680年代) 来自帕斯卡尔的 “Pensées”; 德国帝国外交政策意义(1897年) 来自冯-布洛的演讲.

sun (v.)

1510年代, “把东西放在阳光下”, 出自 sun (n.). 不及物的意思是“把自己暴露在阳光下”, 从17世纪就有记载. Sun-bathing, 从17世纪就有证明.

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Definitions of sun from WordNet
1
sun (n.)
the star that is the source of light and heat for the planets in the solar system;
the sun contains 99.85% of the mass in the solar system
sun (n.)
the rays of the sun;
the shingles were weathered by the sun and wind
Synonyms: sunlight / sunshine
sun (n.)
a person considered as a source of warmth or energy or glory etc;
sun (n.)
any star around which a planetary system revolves;
2
sun (v.)
expose one's body to the sun;
Synonyms: sunbathe
sun (v.)
expose to the rays of the sun or affect by exposure to the sun;
These herbs suffer when sunned
Synonyms: insolate / solarize / solarise
3
Sun (n.)
the star that is the source of light and heat for the planets in the solar system;
the sun contains 99.85% of the mass in the solar system
Sun (n.)
first day of the week; observed as a day of rest and worship by most Christians;
Synonyms: Sunday / Lord's Day / Dominicus
From wordnet.princeton.edu