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suicide (n.)

"蓄意杀害自己",1650年代,来自现代拉丁文 suicidium "自杀",来自拉丁文 sui "自己的"( se "自己"的属名),来自PIE *s(u)w-o- "自己的",来自根 *s(w)e- (见 idiom )+ -cidium "杀戮",来自 caedere "杀死"(来自PIE根 *kae-id- "打击")。

可能是英国的一个硬币;被拉丁语纯化论者所诟病,因为它"似乎也可以参与 sus ,一头母猪,以及代词 sui "[菲利普斯]。意思是"故意自杀的人",出自1728年。在盎格鲁-拉丁语中,"自杀的人"一词是 felo-de-se ,字面意思是"关于自己的有罪的人"。

Even in 1749, in the full blaze of the philosophic movement, we find a suicide named Portier dragged through the streets of Paris with his face to the ground, hung from a gallows by his feet, and then thrown into the sewers; and the laws were not abrogated till the Revolution, which, having founded so many other forms of freedom, accorded the liberty of death. [W.E.H. Lecky, "History of European Morals," 1869]

在英国,如果达到年龄且神志清醒,自杀在法律上是犯罪行为,但如果被判定为精神失常,则不属于犯罪行为。犯罪的人被用木桩肢解,并在1823年之前被有辱人格的埋葬在公路上。 Suicide blonde (一个"亲手染过的人")首次被证明是在1921年。棒球 suicide squeeze ,是从1937年开始考证的。

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Definitions of suicide from WordNet

suicide (n.)
the act of killing yourself;
it is a crime to commit suicide
Synonyms: self-destruction / self-annihilation
suicide (n.)
a person who kills himself intentionally;
Synonyms: felo-de-se
From wordnet.princeton.edu