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suicide (n.)

“蓄意杀害自己”, 1650年代, 来自现代拉丁文 suicidium “自杀”, 来自拉丁文 sui “自己的” (se “自己” 的属名), 来自PIE *s(u) w-o- “自己的”, 来自根 *s(w) e- (见 idiom) + -cidium “杀戮”, 来自 caedere “杀死” (来自PIE根 *kae-id- “打击” ).

可能是英国的一个硬币; 被拉丁语纯化论者所诟病, 因为它“似乎也可以参与 sus, 一头母猪, 以及代词 sui” [菲利普斯]. 意思是“故意自杀的人”, 出自1728年. 在盎格鲁-拉丁语中, “自杀的人” 一词是 felo-de-se, 字面意思是“关于自己的有罪的人”.

Even in 1749, in the full blaze of the philosophic movement, we find a suicide named Portier dragged through the streets of Paris with his face to the ground, hung from a gallows by his feet, and then thrown into the sewers; and the laws were not abrogated till the Revolution, which, having founded so many other forms of freedom, accorded the liberty of death. [W. E. H. Lecky, “History of European Morals,” 1869]

在英国, 如果达到年龄且神志清醒, 自杀在法律上是犯罪行为, 但如果被判定为精神失常, 则不属于犯罪行为. 犯罪的人被用木桩肢解, 并在1823年之前被有辱人格的埋葬在公路上. Suicide blonde (一个“亲手染过的人” )首次被证明是在1921年. 棒球 suicide squeeze, 是从1937年开始考证的.

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Definitions of suicide from WordNet

suicide (n.)
the act of killing yourself;
it is a crime to commit suicide
Synonyms: self-destruction / self-annihilation
suicide (n.)
a person who kills himself intentionally;
Synonyms: felo-de-se
From wordnet.princeton.edu