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subject (n.)

14世纪初, “受他人控制或支配的人”, 具体指政府或统治者, 来自古法语 sogit, suget, subget “臣民的人或物” (12世纪, 现代法语 sujet), 来自拉丁语 subiectus “躺在下面, 下面, 靠近边界” 的名词用法, 形象地说是“受制于人, 被制服”, subicere, subiicere “放在下面, 扔在下面, 束缚在下面” 的过去分词. 使受制于人, 服从于人, “来自 sub” under“(来自PIE根 *upo” under“) + iacere” to throw“(来自PIE根 *ye-” to throw, impel“) 的组合形式. 在14世纪, sugges, sogetis, subgit, sugette; 形式在16世纪的英语中重新拉丁化.

意思是” 被视为行动接受者的人或物, 可以采取行动的人或物“, 记载于1590年代. 语法意义从1630年代就有记载, 来自拉丁文 subjectum” 语法主体“, 名词用法为拉丁文过去分词的中性词. 同样在逻辑学和哲学中的一些限制性用法也是直接借用拉丁文 subjectum, 如” 命题的基础或主题“, 是亚里士多德的借译 to hypokeimenon. 意为” 一门艺术或科学的主题“是从1540年代开始考证的, 可能是 subject matter (14世纪末) 的简称, 它来自中世纪的拉丁文 subjecta materia, 是希腊文 hypokeimene hylē (亚里士多德) 的借译, 字面意思是” 在下面的东西“.

subject (v.)

14世纪晚期, “以武力使(个人或国家) 受制于他人”, 也“使其顺从或依附”, 来自中世纪拉丁文 subiectare “置于下方”, 常出现于拉丁文 subicere “使其受制于人, 从属” (见 subject (n.) ). 意思是“打开或暴露在(某种力量或事件) 之下”, 从15世纪早期就有记载(隐含在 subjected). 相关内容: Subjecting.

subject (adj.)

14世纪初, 来自古法语 suget, subject (现代法语 sujet), 来自拉丁语 subiectus (见 subject (n.) ).

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Definitions of subject from WordNet
1
subject (n.)
the subject matter of a conversation or discussion;
he didn't want to discuss that subject
Synonyms: topic / theme
subject (n.)
something (a person or object or scene) selected by an artist or photographer for graphic representation;
a moving picture of a train is more dramatic than a still picture of the same subject
Synonyms: content / depicted object
subject (n.)
a branch of knowledge;
teachers should be well trained in their subject
Synonyms: discipline / subject area / subject field / field / field of study / study / bailiwick
subject (n.)
some situation or event that is thought about;
he had been thinking about the subject for several years
Synonyms: topic / issue / matter
subject (n.)
(grammar) one of the two main constituents of a sentence; the grammatical constituent about which something is predicated;
subject (n.)
a person who is subjected to experimental or other observational procedures; someone who is an object of investigation;
the subjects for this investigation were selected randomly
Synonyms: case / guinea pig
subject (n.)
a person who owes allegiance to that nation;
a monarch has a duty to his subjects
Synonyms: national
subject (n.)
(logic) the first term of a proposition;
2
subject (v.)
cause to experience or suffer or make liable or vulnerable to;
He subjected me to his awful poetry
The sergeant subjected the new recruits to many drills
People in Chernobyl were subjected to radiation
subject (v.)
make accountable for;
He did not want to subject himself to the judgments of his superiors
subject (v.)
make subservient; force to submit or subdue;
Synonyms: subjugate
3
subject (adj.)
possibly accepting or permitting;
the time is fixed by the director and players and therefore subject to much variation
Synonyms: capable / open
subject (adj.)
being under the power or sovereignty of another or others;
subject peoples
Synonyms: dependent
subject (adj.)
likely to be affected by something;
the bond is subject to taxation
he is subject to fits of depression
From wordnet.princeton.edu