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study (v.)

12世纪初, “努力走向, 投入, 培养” (译为拉丁文 occupatur), 来自古法语 estudiier “研究, 应用自己, 表现出热情; 考察” (13世纪, 现代法语 étudier), 来自中世纪拉丁文 studiare, 来自拉丁文 studium “研究, 应用”, 原为“急切”, 来自 studere “勤奋”, 来自PIE *(s) teu- (1) “推, 棒, 敲, 打” (见 steep (adj.) ). 这个概念似乎是“向前推, 向着推”, 因此是“努力追求”.

Martha swanc and becarcade to geforðigene þan Hælende and his þeowen þa lichamlice behefðen. Seo studdede emb þa uterlice þing. [Homily for the Feast of the Virgin Mary, c. 1125]

14世纪起作“应用自己去获得学问, 追求正式的学习课程”, 也有“专心地或冥想地读一本书或著作” 的意思. 14世纪中叶起作“反省, 沉思, 思考, 思索”. 意为“专心致志地看待”, 出自16世纪60年代. 相关链接: Studied; studying.

study (n.)

14世纪, “应用心灵去获取知识, 密集阅读和沉思一本书, 著作等”, 源于古法语 estudie “关心, 注意, 技巧, 思想; 学习, 学校” (现代法语 é tude), 源于拉丁语 studium “学习, 应用” (见 study (五) ). 又从14世纪作“深思或沉思的状态; 精神上的困惑, 怀疑, 焦虑的状态; 惊讶或惊奇的状态”. 从14世纪中叶起作“仔细检查, 审视”. “房间里摆满了书” 的意思是从14世纪末开始的意思是“研究的对象” 是从15世纪末开始的 Study hall 从1891年开始考证的, 原来是大学里的一间大的公共房间.

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Definitions of study from WordNet
1
study (n.)
a detailed critical inspection;
Synonyms: survey
study (n.)
applying the mind to learning and understanding a subject (especially by reading);
no schools offer graduate study in interior design
Synonyms: work
study (n.)
a written document describing the findings of some individual or group;
this accords with the recent study by Hill and Dale
Synonyms: report / written report
study (n.)
a state of deep mental absorption;
she is in a deep study
study (n.)
a room used for reading and writing and studying;
he knocked lightly on the closed door of the study
study (n.)
a branch of knowledge;
anthropology is the study of human beings
Synonyms: discipline / subject / subject area / subject field / field / field of study / bailiwick
study (n.)
preliminary drawing for later elaboration;
Synonyms: sketch
study (n.)
attentive consideration and meditation;
Synonyms: cogitation
study (n.)
someone who memorizes quickly and easily (as the lines for a part in a play);
he is a quick study
study (n.)
a composition intended to develop one aspect of the performer's technique;
a study in spiccato bowing
2
study (v.)
consider in detail and subject to an analysis in order to discover essential features or meaning;
Synonyms: analyze / analyse / examine / canvass
study (v.)
be a student; follow a course of study; be enrolled at an institute of learning;
study (v.)
give careful consideration to;
Synonyms: consider
study (v.)
be a student of a certain subject;
Synonyms: learn / read / take
study (v.)
learn by reading books; "I have an exam next week; I must hit the books now";
He is studying geology in his room
Synonyms: hit the books
study (v.)
think intently and at length, as for spiritual purposes;
He is meditating in his study
Synonyms: meditate / contemplate
From wordnet.princeton.edu