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strain (v.)

14世纪 ,"扎、绑、扣、束,"来自古法语 estreindre "绑紧、扣住、挤压"的现在分词干,来自拉丁语 stringere (2)"拉紧、捆紧、压紧、压在一起",来自PIE根 *streig- "抚摸、揉搓、按压"(也是立陶宛语 strėgti "凝固、冻结、变得僵硬"的来源。"希腊语 strangein "扭曲;"古高德语 strician "修补网;"古英语 streccian "伸展;"德语 stramm ,荷兰语 stram "僵硬")。)

从14世纪晚期开始作为"紧缩;使之绷紧",也有"用力;过度用力(身体部位)"的意思,"压过过滤器,把(液体)通过过滤器"的意思是从14世纪早期开始的(在 strainer 中有暗示);"强调到无法衡量,进行得太远,做出强行解释"的意思是从15世纪中期开始的相关: Strained ; straining

strain (n.1)

"拉紧造成的伤害",15世纪 ,出自 strain (v. )。"音乐的通道"(1570年代)的意思可能是从"收紧"声音的动词意义发展而来的,最初是指乐器的琴弦(14世纪末)。

strain (n.2)

"世系、血统、品种、祖先",13世纪 ,来自古英语 strionstreon "收益、获得、宝藏;生养、生育",来自原日耳曼语 *streu-nam- "堆积",来自PIE *streu- ,根 *stere- "传播"的扩展形式。

因此"种族,种群,线"(14世纪早期)。从17世纪开始应用于动物物种;通常涉及相当小的变化,但与 breed (n.)没有区别。正常的声音发展会产生 *streen ,但这个词在中世纪晚期英语中被改变了,显然是受 strain (n.1)的影响。

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Definitions of strain from WordNet
1
strain (n.)
(physics) deformation of a physical body under the action of applied forces;
strain (n.)
difficulty that causes worry or emotional tension; "he presided over the economy during the period of the greatest stress and danger"- R.J.Samuelson;
she endured the stresses and strains of life
Synonyms: stress
strain (n.)
a succession of notes forming a distinctive sequence;
Synonyms: tune / melody / air / melodic line / line / melodic phrase
strain (n.)
(psychology) nervousness resulting from mental stress;
the mental strain of staying alert hour after hour was too much for him
his responsibilities were a constant strain
Synonyms: mental strain / nervous strain
strain (n.)
a special variety of domesticated animals within a species;
he created a new strain of sheep
Synonyms: breed / stock
strain (n.)
(biology) a group of organisms within a species that differ in trivial ways from similar groups;
a new strain of microorganisms
Synonyms: form / variant / var.
strain (n.)
injury to a muscle (often caused by overuse); results in swelling and pain;
strain (n.)
the general meaning or substance of an utterance;
Synonyms: tenor
strain (n.)
an effortful attempt to attain a goal;
Synonyms: striving / nisus / pains
strain (n.)
an intense or violent exertion;
Synonyms: straining
strain (n.)
the act of singing;
Synonyms: song
2
strain (v.)
to exert much effort or energy;
straining our ears to hear
Synonyms: strive / reach
strain (v.)
test the limits of;
Synonyms: try / stress
strain (v.)
use to the utmost; exert vigorously or to full capacity;
Don't strain your mind too much
Synonyms: extend
strain (v.)
separate by passing through a sieve or other straining device to separate out coarser elements;
Synonyms: sift / sieve
strain (v.)
cause to be tense and uneasy or nervous or anxious;
Synonyms: tense / tense up
strain (v.)
become stretched or tense or taut;
the rope strained when the weight was attached
Synonyms: tense
strain (v.)
remove by passing through a filter;
Synonyms: filter / filtrate / separate out / filter out
strain (v.)
rub through a strainer or process in an electric blender;
Synonyms: puree
strain (v.)
alter the shape of (something) by stress;
Synonyms: deform / distort
From wordnet.princeton.edu