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strain (v.)

14世纪, “扎, 绑, 扣, 束,” 来自古法语 estreindre “绑紧, 扣住, 挤压” 的现在分词干, 来自拉丁语 stringere (2) “拉紧, 捆紧, 压紧, 压在一起”, 来自PIE根 *streig- “抚摸, 揉搓, 按压” (也是立陶宛语 strėgti “凝固, 冻结, 变得僵硬” 的来源. “希腊语 strangein” 扭曲; “古高德语 strician” 修补网; “古英语 streccian” 伸展; “德语 stramm, 荷兰语 stram” 僵硬“).)

从14世纪晚期开始作为” 紧缩; 使之绷紧“, 也有” 用力; 过度用力(身体部位) “的意思,” 压过过滤器, 把(液体) 通过过滤器“的意思是从14世纪早期开始的(在 strainer 中有暗示);” 强调到无法衡量, 进行得太远, 做出强行解释“的意思是从15世纪中期开始的相关: Strained; straining.

strain (n.1)

“拉紧造成的伤害”, 15世纪, 出自 strain (v.). “音乐的通道” (1570年代) 的意思可能是从“收紧” 声音的动词意义发展而来的, 最初是指乐器的琴弦(14世纪末).

strain (n.2)

“世系, 血统, 品种, 祖先”, 13世纪, 来自古英语 strion, streon “收益, 获得, 宝藏; 生养, 生育”, 来自原日耳曼语 *streu-nam- “堆积”, 来自PIE *streu-, 根 *stere- “传播” 的扩展形式.

因此“种族, 种群, 线” (14世纪早期). 从17世纪开始应用于动物物种; 通常涉及相当小的变化, 但与 breed (n.) 没有区别. 正常的声音发展会产生 *streen, 但这个词在中世纪晚期英语中被改变了, 显然是受 strain (n. 1) 的影响.

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Definitions of strain from WordNet
1
strain (n.)
(physics) deformation of a physical body under the action of applied forces;
strain (n.)
difficulty that causes worry or emotional tension; "he presided over the economy during the period of the greatest stress and danger"- R.J.Samuelson;
she endured the stresses and strains of life
Synonyms: stress
strain (n.)
a succession of notes forming a distinctive sequence;
Synonyms: tune / melody / air / melodic line / line / melodic phrase
strain (n.)
(psychology) nervousness resulting from mental stress;
the mental strain of staying alert hour after hour was too much for him
his responsibilities were a constant strain
Synonyms: mental strain / nervous strain
strain (n.)
a special variety of domesticated animals within a species;
he created a new strain of sheep
Synonyms: breed / stock
strain (n.)
(biology) a group of organisms within a species that differ in trivial ways from similar groups;
a new strain of microorganisms
Synonyms: form / variant / var.
strain (n.)
injury to a muscle (often caused by overuse); results in swelling and pain;
strain (n.)
the general meaning or substance of an utterance;
Synonyms: tenor
strain (n.)
an effortful attempt to attain a goal;
Synonyms: striving / nisus / pains
strain (n.)
an intense or violent exertion;
Synonyms: straining
strain (n.)
the act of singing;
Synonyms: song
2
strain (v.)
to exert much effort or energy;
straining our ears to hear
Synonyms: strive / reach
strain (v.)
test the limits of;
Synonyms: try / stress
strain (v.)
use to the utmost; exert vigorously or to full capacity;
Don't strain your mind too much
Synonyms: extend
strain (v.)
separate by passing through a sieve or other straining device to separate out coarser elements;
Synonyms: sift / sieve
strain (v.)
cause to be tense and uneasy or nervous or anxious;
Synonyms: tense / tense up
strain (v.)
become stretched or tense or taut;
the rope strained when the weight was attached
Synonyms: tense
strain (v.)
remove by passing through a filter;
Synonyms: filter / filtrate / separate out / filter out
strain (v.)
rub through a strainer or process in an electric blender;
Synonyms: puree
strain (v.)
alter the shape of (something) by stress;
Synonyms: deform / distort
From wordnet.princeton.edu