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stock (n.1)

古英语 stocc “树桩, 柱子, 木桩, 树干, 原木”, 也有“枕头” (通常是复数, stocks), 来自于原日耳曼语 *stauk- “树干” (来源也是古北欧语 stokkr “木块, 树干”, 古撒克逊语, 古弗里斯兰语 stok, 中荷兰语 stoc “树干, 树桩”, 荷兰语 stok “棍子, 手杖”, 古高等德语 stoc “树干, 棍子”, 德语 Stock “棍子, 手杖.” 也有荷兰语 stuk, 德语 Stück “片” ), 来自PIE根 *(s) teu- (1) “推, 棒, 敲, 打” 的扩展形式(见 steep (adj.) ).

意为“祖先, 家族” (14世纪末) 是“树干” 意义的形象化用法(如 family tree). 这也是“工具的重部”, “步枪靠肩的部分” (1540年代) 的意义根源. 意思是“像木块或木头一样沉闷和无知的人”, 来自14世纪, 因此“一个沉闷的行动或通知的接受者” (1540年代).

意思是“船的框架” (15世纪初), 导致形象化的短语. on stocks “计划并开始” (1660年代). Taking stock “制作清单” 从1736年开始得到证明. Stock, lock, and barrel “整件事情” 从1817年开始记载. Stock-still 15世纪末) 字面意思是“像树干一样静止”.

stock (n.2)

“供应未来使用” (15世纪初), “钱的总额” (15世纪中叶), 中世纪英语发展的 stock (n. 1), 但最终意义上的联系是不确定的. 也许这个概念是“树干” 的概念, 从树干中获得的收益是一种外延, 或者是来自 stock (n. 1) 的过时意义上的“钱箱” (15世纪). 意思是“公司的认购资本” 来自1610年代.

In stock 意思是“商人所拥有的”, 来自1610年代. 意思是“将肉或蔬菜煮沸后制成的肉汤”, 出自1764年. 戏剧用途, 指一个公司经常在某一剧院一起演出, 从1761年开始得到证明. 形容词 take stock in “视为重要” 是1870年的. 作为农场动产的统称, 1510年代就有记载, 因此 livestock.

stock (v.)

“供给(商店) 存货”, 1620年代, 来自 stock (n. 2). 意思是“存放在仓库里”, 来自18世纪. 最早的意思是“囚禁在仓库里” (14世纪初). 相关链接: Stocked; stocking.

stock (adj.)

在提到谈话, 文学时, “反复出现的, 司空见惯的” (如 stock phrase), 1738年, 从意义上说是“保存在仓库里供经常使用” (1620年代) 的形象用法, 来自 stock (n. 2).

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Definitions of stock from WordNet
1
stock (n.)
the capital raised by a corporation through the issue of shares entitling holders to an ownership interest (equity);
he owns a controlling share of the company's stock
stock (n.)
the merchandise that a shop has on hand;
Synonyms: inventory
stock (n.)
the handle of a handgun or the butt end of a rifle or shotgun or part of the support of a machine gun or artillery gun;
the rifle had been fitted with a special stock
Synonyms: gunstock
stock (n.)
a certificate documenting the shareholder's ownership in the corporation;
the value of his stocks doubled during the past year
Synonyms: stock certificate
stock (n.)
a supply of something available for future use;
Synonyms: store / fund
stock (n.)
the descendants of one individual;
Synonyms: lineage / line / line of descent / descent / bloodline / blood line / blood / pedigree / ancestry / origin / parentage / stemma
stock (n.)
a special variety of domesticated animals within a species;
Synonyms: breed / strain
stock (n.)
liquid in which meat and vegetables are simmered; used as a basis for e.g. soups or sauces;
she made gravy with a base of beef stock
Synonyms: broth
stock (n.)
the reputation and popularity a person has;
his stock was so high he could have been elected mayor
stock (n.)
persistent thickened stem of a herbaceous perennial plant;
Synonyms: caudex
stock (n.)
a plant or stem onto which a graft is made; especially a plant grown specifically to provide the root part of grafted plants;
stock (n.)
any of several Old World plants cultivated for their brightly colored flowers;
Synonyms: gillyflower
stock (n.)
any of various ornamental flowering plants of the genus Malcolmia;
Synonyms: Malcolm stock
stock (n.)
lumber used in the construction of something;
they will cut round stock to 1-inch diameter
stock (n.)
the handle end of some implements or tools;
he grabbed the cue by the stock
stock (n.)
an ornamental white cravat;
Synonyms: neckcloth
stock (n.)
any animals kept for use or profit;
Synonyms: livestock / farm animal
2
stock (v.)
have on hand;
Synonyms: carry / stockpile
stock (v.)
equip with a stock;
stock a rifle
stock (v.)
supply with fish;
stock a lake
stock (v.)
supply with livestock;
stock a farm
stock (v.)
amass so as to keep for future use or sale or for a particular occasion or use;
let's stock coffee as long as prices are low
Synonyms: buy in / stock up
stock (v.)
provide or furnish with a stock of something;
stock the larder with meat
stock (v.)
put forth and grow sprouts or shoots;
Synonyms: sprout
3
stock (adj.)
repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse;
a stock answer
Synonyms: banal / commonplace / hackneyed / old-hat / shopworn / threadbare / timeworn / tired / trite / well-worn
stock (adj.)
routine;
a stock answer
stock (adj.)
regularly and widely used or sold;
a stock item
Synonyms: standard
From wordnet.princeton.edu