Advertisement

stock (n.1)

古英语 stocc "树桩、柱子、木桩、树干、原木",也有"枕头"(通常是复数, stocks ),来自于原日耳曼语 *stauk- "树干"(来源也是古北欧语 stokkr "木块、树干",古撒克逊语、古弗里斯兰语 stok ,中荷兰语 stoc "树干、树桩",荷兰语 stok "棍子、手杖",古高等德语 stoc "树干、棍子",德语 Stock "棍子、手杖。"也有荷兰语 stuk ,德语 Stück "片"),来自PIE根 *(s)teu- (1)"推、棒、敲、打"的扩展形式(见 steep (adj.)).

意为"祖先、家族"(14世纪末)是"树干"意义的形象化用法(如 family tree )。这也是"工具的重部"、"步枪靠肩的部分"(1540年代)的意义根源。意思是"像木块或木头一样沉闷和无知的人",来自14世纪,因此"一个沉闷的行动或通知的接受者"(1540年代)。

意思是"船的框架"(15世纪初),导致形象化的短语。 on stocks "计划并开始"(1660年代)。 Taking stock "制作清单"从1736年开始得到证明。 Stock, lock, and barrel "整件事情"从1817年开始记载。 Stock-still 15世纪末)字面意思是"像树干一样静止"。

stock (n.2)

"供应未来使用"(15世纪初),"钱的总额"(15世纪中叶),中世纪英语发展的 stock (n.1),但最终意义上的联系是不确定的。也许这个概念是"树干"的概念,从树干中获得的收益是一种外延,或者是来自 stock (n.1)的过时意义上的"钱箱"(15世纪)。意思是"公司的认购资本"来自1610年代。

In stock 意思是"商人所拥有的",来自1610年代。意思是"将肉或蔬菜煮沸后制成的肉汤",出自1764年。戏剧用途,指一个公司经常在某一剧院一起演出,从1761年开始得到证明。形容词 take stock in "视为重要"是1870年的。作为农场动产的统称,1510年代就有记载,因此 livestock

stock (v.)

"供给(商店)存货",1620年代,来自 stock (n.2)。意思是"存放在仓库里",来自18世纪。最早的意思是"囚禁在仓库里"(14世纪初)。相关链接: Stocked ; stocking

stock (adj.)

在提到谈话、文学时,"反复出现的,司空见惯的"(如 stock phrase ),1738年,从意义上说是"保存在仓库里供经常使用"(1620年代)的形象用法,来自 stock (n.2)。

Others are reading

Advertisement
Definitions of stock from WordNet
1
stock (n.)
the capital raised by a corporation through the issue of shares entitling holders to an ownership interest (equity);
he owns a controlling share of the company's stock
stock (n.)
the merchandise that a shop has on hand;
Synonyms: inventory
stock (n.)
the handle of a handgun or the butt end of a rifle or shotgun or part of the support of a machine gun or artillery gun;
the rifle had been fitted with a special stock
Synonyms: gunstock
stock (n.)
a certificate documenting the shareholder's ownership in the corporation;
the value of his stocks doubled during the past year
Synonyms: stock certificate
stock (n.)
a supply of something available for future use;
Synonyms: store / fund
stock (n.)
the descendants of one individual;
Synonyms: lineage / line / line of descent / descent / bloodline / blood line / blood / pedigree / ancestry / origin / parentage / stemma
stock (n.)
a special variety of domesticated animals within a species;
Synonyms: breed / strain
stock (n.)
liquid in which meat and vegetables are simmered; used as a basis for e.g. soups or sauces;
she made gravy with a base of beef stock
Synonyms: broth
stock (n.)
the reputation and popularity a person has;
his stock was so high he could have been elected mayor
stock (n.)
persistent thickened stem of a herbaceous perennial plant;
Synonyms: caudex
stock (n.)
a plant or stem onto which a graft is made; especially a plant grown specifically to provide the root part of grafted plants;
stock (n.)
any of several Old World plants cultivated for their brightly colored flowers;
Synonyms: gillyflower
stock (n.)
any of various ornamental flowering plants of the genus Malcolmia;
Synonyms: Malcolm stock
stock (n.)
lumber used in the construction of something;
they will cut round stock to 1-inch diameter
stock (n.)
the handle end of some implements or tools;
he grabbed the cue by the stock
stock (n.)
an ornamental white cravat;
Synonyms: neckcloth
stock (n.)
any animals kept for use or profit;
Synonyms: livestock / farm animal
2
stock (v.)
have on hand;
Synonyms: carry / stockpile
stock (v.)
equip with a stock;
stock a rifle
stock (v.)
supply with fish;
stock a lake
stock (v.)
supply with livestock;
stock a farm
stock (v.)
amass so as to keep for future use or sale or for a particular occasion or use;
let's stock coffee as long as prices are low
Synonyms: buy in / stock up
stock (v.)
provide or furnish with a stock of something;
stock the larder with meat
stock (v.)
put forth and grow sprouts or shoots;
Synonyms: sprout
3
stock (adj.)
repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse;
a stock answer
Synonyms: banal / commonplace / hackneyed / old-hat / shopworn / threadbare / timeworn / tired / trite / well-worn
stock (adj.)
routine;
a stock answer
stock (adj.)
regularly and widely used or sold;
a stock item
Synonyms: standard
From wordnet.princeton.edu