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stick (n.)

古英语 sticca “杆, 树枝, 钉子; 勺子”, 来自于原日耳曼语 *stikkon- “刺, 刺” (也是古北欧语 stik, 中荷兰语 stecke, stec, 古高德语 stehho, 德语 Stecken “棍, 杖” 的来源), 来自于PIE根 *steig- “棍; 尖” (见 stick (v.) ).

意思是“游戏中使用的棍子” 来自1670年代(最初是台球); 意思是“手动换档杆” 在1914年得到证明. 重音连接 sticks and stones 是15世纪中叶的记载; 原为“建筑物的每一部分”. Stick-bug 是1870年起, 美国英语. stick-figure 是1949年的.

stick (v.)

古英语 stician “刺穿, 刺伤, 变形, 怂恿”, 也有“保持嵌入, 保持固定, 被固定” 的意思, 来自于原日耳曼语 *stik- “刺穿, 刺伤, 锋利” (来源也是古撒克逊语 stekan, 古弗里斯兰语 steka, 荷兰语 stecken, 古高德语 stehhan, 德语 stechen “刺穿, 刺伤” ), 来自于PIE *steig- “坚持. 尖” (拉丁文 instigare “怂恿”, instinguere “煽动, 推动;” 希腊文 stizein “刺, 穿刺”, stigma “用尖的工具做的标记;” 古波斯文 tigra- “锋利, 尖锐;” 阿维斯坦文 tighri- “箭头;” 立陶宛文 stingu, stigti “停留在原地;” 俄语 stegati “被子” ).

形象意义上的“永久地留在心中” 是从14世纪开始出现的. 转义词“把(某物) 固定在原地” 的意思是从13世纪末开始出现的. stick out “项目” 从1560年代开始记载. 俚语 stick around “留” 是1912年的. stick it 作为一个粗暴的建议项目是第一次记录1922年. 相关链接: Stuck; sticking. Sticking point, 超越一个人拒绝去, 是从1956年. sticking-place, 任何东西放在那里会留下来是从1570年代. 现代使用一般是对莎士比亚的呼应.

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Definitions of stick
1
stick (v.)
put, fix, force, or implant;
stick your thumb in the crack
Synonyms: lodge / wedge / deposit
stick (v.)
stay put (in a certain place); "We are staying in Detroit; we are not moving to Cincinnati";
Synonyms: stay / stick around / stay put
stick (v.)
stick to firmly;
Synonyms: adhere / hold fast / bond / bind / stick to
stick (v.)
be or become fixed;
The door sticks--we will have to plane it
stick (v.)
endure;
The label stuck to her for the rest of her life
stick (v.)
be a devoted follower or supporter;
She sticks to her principles
Synonyms: adhere
stick (v.)
be loyal to;
The friends stuck together through the war
Synonyms: stand by / stick by / adhere
stick (v.)
cover and decorate with objects that pierce the surface;
stick some feathers in the turkey before you serve it
stick (v.)
fasten with an adhesive material like glue;
stick the poster onto the wall
stick (v.)
fasten with or as with pins or nails;
stick the photo onto the corkboard
stick (v.)
fasten into place by fixing an end or point into something;
stick the corner of the sheet under the mattress
stick (v.)
pierce with a thrust using a pointed instrument;
he stuck the cloth with the needle
stick (v.)
pierce or penetrate or puncture with something pointed;
He stuck the needle into his finger
stick (v.)
come or be in close contact with; stick or hold together and resist separation;
The label stuck to the box
Synonyms: cling / cleave / adhere / cohere
stick (v.)
saddle with something disagreeable or disadvantageous;
They stuck me with the dinner bill
Synonyms: sting
stick (v.)
be a mystery or bewildering to;
This question really stuck me
2
stick (n.)
an implement consisting of a length of wood;
the kid had a candied apple on a stick
he collected dry sticks for a campfire
stick (n.)
a small thin branch of a tree;
stick (n.)
a lever used by a pilot to control the ailerons and elevators of an airplane;
Synonyms: control stick / joystick
stick (n.)
a rectangular quarter pound block of butter or margarine;
stick (n.)
informal terms for the leg;
fever left him weak on his sticks
Synonyms: pin / peg
stick (n.)
a long implement (usually made of wood) that is shaped so that hockey or polo players can hit a puck or ball;
stick (n.)
a long thin implement resembling a length of wood;
a stick of dynamite
cinnamon sticks
stick (n.)
marijuana leaves rolled into a cigarette for smoking;
Synonyms: joint / marijuana cigarette / reefer / spliff
stick (n.)
threat of a penalty;
the policy so far is all stick and no carrot
From wordnet.princeton.edu