state (n.1)

13世纪, “环境, 社会中的地位, 人或事物的临时属性, 条件”, 来自古法语 estat “位置, 条件; 地位, 身份, 地位, 站位”, 直接来自拉丁语 status “站位, 位置, 地方; 站立的方式, 姿态; 秩序, 安排, 条件”, 形象地说是“站立, 等级; 公共秩序, 社区组织”, 行动名词来自过去分词干 stare “站立”, 来自PIE根 *sta- “站立, 使或坚定”. 一些中古英语的意义是通过古法语 estat (法语 état; 见 estate).

这个拉丁语词被采用到其他现代日耳曼语言中(德语, 荷兰语 staat), 但主要只是在政治意义上. 意思是“关于形式或结构的身体状况” 是从13世纪末开始的. 意思是“精神或情绪状况” 是从1530年代开始的(短语 state of mind, 最早见于1749年); “激动或不安的状态” 的通俗意义是从1837年开始的.

He [the President] shall from time to time give to the Congress Information of the State of the Union, and recommend to their Consideration such Measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient. [U. S. Constitution, Article II, Section iii]

state (v.)

1590年代, “摆在一个位置上”, 来自 state (n. 1); “用语言宣布” 的意义最早见于1640年代, 来自“把” 某事记录下来的概念. 相关链接: Stated; stating.

state (n.2)

“一个国家的政治组织, 最高民事权力, 政府”, 14世纪, 源于 state (n. 1) 的特殊用法; 这个意义是从“一个国家的状况” 在政府, 繁荣等方面的含义发展而来的. 13世纪末), 来自拉丁语短语, 如 status rei publicæ “共和国的条件(或存在)”.

“联邦权力下的半独立的政治实体, 是共同组成联邦共和国的政治机构之一” 的意义来自1774年. 英属北美殖民地早在1630年代就偶尔被称为 states; 自1777年以来, the States 一直是“美利坚合众国” 的简称; 荷兰也是如此. 美国政治意义上的 State rights 从1798年开始被证实; 形式上的 states rights 最早记录于1858年. Church and state 从1580年代开始被对比. State-socialism 从1850年开始被证实.

Definitions of state
state (n.)
the territory occupied by one of the constituent administrative districts of a nation;
his state is in the deep south
Synonyms: province
state (n.)
the way something is with respect to its main attributes;
his state of health
the current state of knowledge
in a weak financial state
state (n.)
the group of people comprising the government of a sovereign state;
the state has lowered its income tax
state (n.)
a politically organized body of people under a single government;
the state has elected a new president
Synonyms: nation / country / land / commonwealth / res publica / body politic
state (n.)
(chemistry) the three traditional states of matter are solids (fixed shape and volume) and liquids (fixed volume and shaped by the container) and gases (filling the container);
the solid state of water is called ice
Synonyms: state of matter
state (n.)
a state of depression or agitation;
he was in such a state you just couldn't reason with him
state (n.)
the territory occupied by a nation;
Synonyms: country / land
state (v.)
express in words;
state your opinion
state your name
Synonyms: say / tell
state (v.)
put before;
Synonyms: submit / put forward / posit
state (v.)
indicate through a symbol, formula, etc.;
Synonyms: express
State (n.)
the federal department in the United States that sets and maintains foreign policies;
Synonyms: Department of State / United States Department of State / State Department / DoS