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sport (v.)

15世纪 ,"取乐,自娱自乐",来自古法语 desporterdeporter "转移,娱乐,取悦,玩耍;寻求娱乐",字面意思是"带走"(心思从严肃的事情上离开),来自 des- "离开"(见 dis- )+ porter "携带",来自拉丁语 portare "携带"(来自PIE根 *per- (2)"带领,经过")。比较 disport (v.),这是较早的形式。

限定意义上的"通过在户外积极锻炼或参加一些游戏来自娱自乐"来自于15世纪末的意思是"穿"来自于1778年。相关链接: Sported ; sporting .

sport (n.)

15世纪初,"愉快的消遣",是 disport "提供娱乐或放松的活动;娱乐,乐趣"(14世纪)的缩写,也是"消遣或游戏;调情;在这种活动中获得的乐趣"(14世纪末),来自英法 disport ,古法语 desportdeport "快乐,享受,喜悦;安慰,安慰;恩惠,特权",与 desporterdeporter "转移,娱乐,取悦,玩耍"有关(见 sport (v.)),也可比较 disport (n.)。

原义保留在短语中,如 in sport "开玩笑"(15世纪中叶)。意为"涉及身体锻炼的游戏",最早记载于1520年代。"时髦的人"的意义来自1861年的美国英语,可能是因为他们以赌博和赌赛为生。"good fellow"的意思是从1881年开始有证据的(如 be a sport ,1913年)。 Sport 作为一个人熟悉的称呼形式是从1935年开始的,澳大利亚英语。 sport of kings 原本是(1660年代)制造战争的意思。其他的,失传的中英文 disport 的意义是"安慰,慰藉;安慰的来源"。

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Definitions of sport from WordNet
1
sport (n.)
an active diversion requiring physical exertion and competition;
Synonyms: athletics
sport (n.)
the occupation of athletes who compete for pay;
sport (n.)
(Maine colloquial) a temporary summer resident of Maine;
Synonyms: summercater
sport (n.)
a person known for the way she (or he) behaves when teased or defeated or subjected to trying circumstances;
a good sport
a poor sport
sport (n.)
someone who engages in sports;
Synonyms: sportsman / sportswoman
sport (n.)
(biology) an organism that has characteristics resulting from chromosomal alteration;
Synonyms: mutant / mutation / variation
sport (n.)
verbal wit or mockery (often at another's expense but not to be taken seriously);
he said it in sport
Synonyms: fun / play
2
sport (v.)
wear or display in an ostentatious or proud manner;
she was sporting a new hat
Synonyms: feature / boast
sport (v.)
play boisterously;
Synonyms: frolic / lark / rollick / skylark / disport / cavort / gambol / frisk / romp / run around / lark about
From wordnet.princeton.edu