Advertisement

sound (n.1)

"噪音,听到的东西,通过耳朵产生的感觉",13世纪末, soun ,来自古法语 son "声音,音符,声音",来自拉丁语 sonus "声音,一种噪音",来自PIE *swon-o- ,来自根 *swen- "声音"。

非同义词 -d 约在 1350-1550 年建立,作为在 -n- 后面加上 -d- 的趋势的一部分。比较 gender (n.), thunder (n.), jaundice (n.), spindle , kindred , 以及, 从法语 powder (n.), meddle , tender (adj.), remainder 。第一条记录 sound barrier 是1939年的。 Sound check 是1977年的。 sound effect 是1909年的,最初是为默片现场伴奏。

The experts of Victor ... will ... arrange for the synchronized orchestration and sound effects for this picture, in which airplane battles will have an important part. [Exhibitor's Herald & Moving Picture World, April 28, 1928]

sound (adj.)

"没有特殊的缺陷或伤害",13世纪,来自古英语 gesund "健全、安全、有器官和官能完整和完美的行动",来自原日耳曼语 *sunda- ,来自日耳曼语根 *swen-to- "健康、强壮"(也是古撒克逊语 gisund 、古弗里斯兰语 sund 、荷兰语 gezond 、古高德语 gisunt 、德语 gesund "健康"的来源,如打喷嚏后的插话 gesundheit 。也有古英语 swið "强壮",哥特语 swinþs "强壮",德语 geschwind "快速、快速"),与印度-伊朗语和巴尔托-斯拉夫语有联系。意思是"正确的,正确的,没有错误的"是从15世纪中叶开始的,意思是"经济上稳固或安全"是从17世纪开始的;睡眠的意思是"不受干扰",是从1540年代开始的。持有被接受的意见"的意思是来自1520年代。

sound (v.2)

"fathom, probe, measure depth of",14世纪中叶(隐含在 sounding ),来自古法语 sonder ,来自 sonde "sounding line",也许与产生古英语 sund "water, sea"(见 sound (n.2))的日耳曼语来源相同。Barnhart驳斥了旧有的理论,即它来自拉丁文 subundare 。从1570年代开始具象化使用。

sound (n.2)

"狭窄的水道",14世纪 ,来自古北欧语 sund "海峡,游泳",或来自同源的古英语 sund "游泳的行为,一个人可以游过的水面,海的海峡",都来自于原日耳曼语 *sundam- ,来自 *swum-to- ,日耳曼语根 *swem- 的后缀形式"移动,搅拌,游泳"(见 swim (五))。

sound (v.1)

13世纪初, sounen "发声,产生影响耳朵的振动",来自古法语 soner (现代法语 sonner ),直接来自拉丁语 sonare "发声,发出声音","发声",来自PIE *swene- ,来自根 *swen- "发声"。来自14世纪末为"使某物(乐器等)产生声音"。相关链接: Sounded ; sounding

Others are reading

Advertisement
Advertisement
Definitions of sound from WordNet
1
sound (adj.)
financially secure and safe;
a sound economy
sound investments
sound (adj.)
exercising or showing good judgment;
no sound explanation for his decision
sound advice
a sound approach to the problem
Synonyms: healthy / intelligent / levelheaded / level-headed
sound (adj.)
in good condition; free from defect or damage or decay;
a sound foundation
the wall is sound
a sound timber
sound (adj.)
in excellent physical condition;
a sound mind in a sound body
Synonyms: good
sound (adj.)
logically valid;
a sound argument
Synonyms: reasoned / well-grounded
sound (adj.)
having legal efficacy or force;
a sound title to the property
Synonyms: legal / effectual
sound (adj.)
vigorous or severe;
a sound thrashing
sound (adj.)
free from moral defect;
a man of sound character
sound (adj.)
(of sleep) deep and complete;
a sound sleeper
Synonyms: heavy / profound / wakeless
sound (adj.)
complete; thorough;
politicians have no sound grasp of technology issues
he has a sound understanding of the law
2
sound (n.)
the particular auditory effect produced by a given cause;
the beautiful sound of music
the sound of rain on the roof
sound (n.)
the subjective sensation of hearing something;
he strained to hear the faint sounds
Synonyms: auditory sensation
sound (n.)
mechanical vibrations transmitted by an elastic medium;
falling trees make a sound in the forest even when no one is there to hear them
sound (n.)
the sudden occurrence of an audible event;
the sound awakened them
sound (n.)
the audible part of a transmitted signal;
Synonyms: audio
sound (n.)
(phonetics) an individual sound unit of speech without concern as to whether or not it is a phoneme of some language;
Synonyms: phone / speech sound
sound (n.)
a narrow channel of the sea joining two larger bodies of water;
Synonyms: strait
sound (n.)
a large ocean inlet or deep bay;
the main body of the sound ran parallel to the coast
3
sound (v.)
appear in a certain way;
This sounds interesting
sound (v.)
make a certain noise or sound;
Synonyms: go
sound (v.)
give off a certain sound or sounds;
This record sounds scratchy
sound (v.)
announce by means of a sound;
sound the alarm
sound (v.)
utter with vibrating vocal chords;
Synonyms: voice / vocalize / vocalise
sound (v.)
cause to sound;
sound the bell
sound a certain note
sound (v.)
measure the depth of (a body of water) with a sounding line;
Synonyms: fathom
From wordnet.princeton.edu