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smart (v.)

古英语 smeortan “be painful”, 来自于原日耳曼语 *smarta- (也是中荷兰语 smerten, 荷兰语 smarten, 古高德语 smerzan, 德语 schmerzen “痛” 的来源, 原为“咬” ), 来自于PIE *smerd- “痛”, 可能是根 *mer- “磨去; 伤害” 的延伸. 相关链接: Smarted; smarting.

smart (adj.)

古英语晚期 smeart “痛苦的, 严重的, 刺痛的; 引起剧烈的疼痛”, 与 smeortan (见 smart (五) )有关. 意为“用武力和大力执行”, 出自14世纪. 意为“迅速, 活跃, 聪明”, 据考证来自14世纪, 源于“切磋” 机智, 言语等的概念, 否则就是“热衷于讨价还价”. 意义“修饰装束” 最早见于1718年, “从厨房上升到1880年左右的客厅” [Weekley]. 意义演化, 比较 sharp (adj.).

在提到装置时, “行为好像由智慧引导” (如 smart bomb) 的意义最早见于1972年. Smarts “好感, 智慧” 最早见于1968年的记载(中古英语有 ingeny “智力, 聪明” (15世纪初) ). Smart cookie 是1948年的.

smart (n.)

“尖锐的疼痛”, 13世纪, 来自 smart (adj.). 与中荷语 smerte, 荷兰语 smart, 古高德语 smerzo, 德语 Schmerz “疼痛” 同源.

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Definitions of smart
1
smart (adj.)
showing mental alertness and calculation and resourcefulness;
smart (adj.)
elegant and stylish;
a smart new dress
Synonyms: chic / voguish
smart (adj.)
characterized by quickness and ease in learning;
smart children talk earlier than the average
Synonyms: bright
smart (adj.)
improperly forward or bold;
Synonyms: fresh / impertinent / impudent / overbold / saucy / sassy / wise
smart (adj.)
painfully severe;
he gave the dog a smart blow
smart (adj.)
quick and brisk;
we walked at a smart pace
I gave him a smart salute
smart (adj.)
capable of independent and apparently intelligent action;
smart weapons
2
smart (v.)
be the source of pain;
Synonyms: ache / hurt
3
smart (n.)
a kind of pain such as that caused by a wound or a burn or a sore;
Synonyms: smarting / smartness
From wordnet.princeton.edu