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smart (v.)

古英语 smeortan "be painful",来自于原日耳曼语 *smarta- (也是中荷兰语 smerten ,荷兰语 smarten ,古高德语 smerzan ,德语 schmerzen "痛"的来源,原为"咬"),来自于PIE *smerd- "痛",可能是根 *mer- "磨去;伤害"的延伸。相关链接: Smarted ; smarting

smart (adj.)

古英语晚期 smeart "痛苦的,严重的,刺痛的;引起剧烈的疼痛",与 smeortan (见 smart (五))有关。意为"用武力和大力执行",出自14世纪 。意为"迅速、活跃、聪明",据考证来自14世纪 ,源于"切磋"机智、言语等的概念,否则就是"热衷于讨价还价"。意义"修饰装束"最早见于1718年,"从厨房上升到1880年左右的客厅"[Weekley]。意义演化,比较 sharp (adj.)。

在提到装置时,"行为好像由智慧引导"(如 smart bomb )的意义最早见于1972年。 Smarts "好感、智慧"最早见于1968年的记载(中古英语有 ingeny "智力、聪明"(15世纪初))。 Smart cookie 是1948年的。

smart (n.)

"尖锐的疼痛",13世纪 ,来自 smart ( adj.)。与中荷语 smerte ,荷兰语 smart ,古高德语 smerzo ,德语 Schmerz "疼痛"同源。

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Definitions of smart from WordNet
1
smart (adj.)
showing mental alertness and calculation and resourcefulness;
smart (adj.)
elegant and stylish;
a smart new dress
Synonyms: chic / voguish
smart (adj.)
characterized by quickness and ease in learning;
smart children talk earlier than the average
Synonyms: bright
smart (adj.)
improperly forward or bold;
Synonyms: fresh / impertinent / impudent / overbold / saucy / sassy / wise
smart (adj.)
painfully severe;
he gave the dog a smart blow
smart (adj.)
quick and brisk;
we walked at a smart pace
I gave him a smart salute
smart (adj.)
capable of independent and apparently intelligent action;
smart weapons
2
smart (v.)
be the source of pain;
Synonyms: ache / hurt
3
smart (n.)
a kind of pain such as that caused by a wound or a burn or a sore;
Synonyms: smarting / smartness
From wordnet.princeton.edu