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sign (n.)

13世纪初, “手的手势或动作”, 尤其是一个意在传达某事的手势或动作, 来自古法语 signe “标志, 标记”, 来自拉丁语 signum “识别标志, 象征, 指示, 符号; 证明; 军事标准, 标志; 信号, 预兆; 天上的标志, 星座”.

根据沃特金斯的说法, 字面意思是“一个人遵循的标准”, 来自PIE *sekw-no-, 源于根 *sekw- (1) “遵循”. 但德瓦安的说法是来自PIE *sekh-no- “切”, 来自PIE根 *sek- “切” 他写道:“词源学上的附会 seco '切'意味着 *sek-no- '切出来的东西', '刻出来的'> '标志'的语义转变.” 但他也比较了希伯来语 sakkin, 阿拉姆语 sakkin “屠宰刀”, 并提到一个理论, “这两个词可能都是从未知的第三个来源借来的”.

它赶走了本土 token. 意思是“具有某种特殊重要性的标记或装置” 是从13世纪末开始记录的; “奇迹” 是从14世纪开始记录的. 英语中的“黄道十二宫” 是14世纪中叶开始的. “客栈, 商店等门面的特征性装置, 以区别于其他的” 是15世纪中叶开始记录的. “某种状况的标志或信号” (13世纪末) 是在后面. sign of the times (1520s). 在一些用途中, 这个词可能是 ensign 的缩写. Sign language 是1847年的记录; 更早的 hand-language (1670年代).

sign (v.)

14世纪, “做十字架的标志”, 来自古法语 signier “做标志(给某人); 做标记”, 来自拉丁语 signare “在上面做标记, 标出, 指定; 用印章做标记; 区分, 装饰;” 形象地“指出, 表示, 表明”, 来自 signum “识别标记, 标志” (见 sign (n.) ). “标记, 印记” 的意义在14世纪中叶得到证明; “贴上自己的名字” 的意义在15世纪晚期. “用手势交流” 的意义在1700年就有记载. 相关链接: Signed; signing.

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Definitions of sign from WordNet
1
sign (n.)
a perceptible indication of something not immediately apparent (as a visible clue that something has happened);
he showed signs of strain
they welcomed the signs of spring
Synonyms: mark
sign (n.)
a public display of a message;
he posted signs in all the shop windows
sign (n.)
any nonverbal action or gesture that encodes a message;
Synonyms: signal / signaling
sign (n.)
structure displaying a board on which advertisements can be posted;
Synonyms: signboard
sign (n.)
(astrology) one of 12 equal areas into which the zodiac is divided;
Synonyms: sign of the zodiac / star sign / mansion / house / planetary house
sign (n.)
(medicine) any objective evidence of the presence of a disorder or disease;
there were no signs of asphyxiation
sign (n.)
having an indicated pole (as the distinction between positive and negative electric charges);
charges of opposite sign
Synonyms: polarity
sign (n.)
an event that is experienced as indicating important things to come;
it was a sign from God
Synonyms: augury / foretoken / preindication
sign (n.)
a gesture that is part of a sign language;
sign (n.)
a fundamental linguistic unit linking a signifier to that which is signified; "The bond between the signifier and the signified is arbitrary"--de Saussure;
sign (n.)
a character indicating a relation between quantities;
don't forget the minus sign
2
sign (v.)
mark with one's signature; write one's name (on);
She signed the letter and sent it off
Please sign here
Synonyms: subscribe
sign (v.)
approve and express assent, responsibility, or obligation;
Have you signed your contract yet?
Synonyms: ratify
sign (v.)
be engaged by a written agreement;
He signed to play the casino on Dec. 18
The soprano signed to sing the new opera
sign (v.)
engage by written agreement;
They signed two new pitchers for the next season
Synonyms: contract / sign on / sign up
sign (v.)
communicate silently and non-verbally by signals or signs;
He signed his disapproval with a dismissive hand gesture
Synonyms: signal / signalize / signalise
sign (v.)
place signs, as along a road;
sign an intersection
This road has been signed
sign (v.)
communicate in sign language;
I don't know how to sign, so I could not communicate with my deaf cousin
sign (v.)
make the sign of the cross over someone in order to call on God for protection; consecrate;
Synonyms: bless
3
sign (adj.)
used of the language of the deaf;
Synonyms: gestural / signed / sign-language
From wordnet.princeton.edu