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sign (n.)

13世纪初,"手的手势或动作",尤其是一个意在传达某事的手势或动作,来自古法语 signe "标志、标记",来自拉丁语 signum "识别标志、象征、指示、符号;证明;军事标准、标志;信号、预兆;天上的标志、星座"。

根据沃特金斯的说法,字面意思是"一个人遵循的标准",来自PIE *sekw-no- ,源于根 *sekw- (1)"遵循"。但德瓦安的说法是来自PIE *sekh-no- "切",来自PIE根 *sek- "切"他写道:"词源学上的附会 seco '切'意味着 *sek-no- '切出来的东西','刻出来的'>'标志'的语义转变。"但他也比较了希伯来语 sakkin ,阿拉姆语 sakkin "屠宰刀",并提到一个理论,"这两个词可能都是从未知的第三个来源借来的"。

它赶走了本土 token 。意思是"具有某种特殊重要性的标记或装置"是从13世纪末开始记录的;"奇迹"是从14世纪开始记录的。英语中的"黄道十二宫"是14世纪中叶开始的。"客栈、商店等门面的特征性装置,以区别于其他的"是15世纪中叶开始记录的。"某种状况的标志或信号"(13世纪末)是在后面。 sign of the times (1520s).在一些用途中,这个词可能是 ensign 的缩写。 Sign language 是1847年的记录;更早的 hand-language (1670年代)。

sign (v.)

14世纪,"做十字架的标志",来自古法语 signier "做标志(给某人);做标记",来自拉丁语 signare "在上面做标记,标出,指定;用印章做标记;区分,装饰;"形象地"指出,表示,表明",来自 signum "识别标记,标志"(见 sign (n.))。"标记、印记"的意义在14世纪中叶得到证明;"贴上自己的名字"的意义在15世纪晚期。"用手势交流"的意义在1700年就有记载。相关链接: Signed ; signing .

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Definitions of sign from WordNet
1
sign (n.)
a perceptible indication of something not immediately apparent (as a visible clue that something has happened);
he showed signs of strain
they welcomed the signs of spring
Synonyms: mark
sign (n.)
a public display of a message;
he posted signs in all the shop windows
sign (n.)
any nonverbal action or gesture that encodes a message;
Synonyms: signal / signaling
sign (n.)
structure displaying a board on which advertisements can be posted;
Synonyms: signboard
sign (n.)
(astrology) one of 12 equal areas into which the zodiac is divided;
Synonyms: sign of the zodiac / star sign / mansion / house / planetary house
sign (n.)
(medicine) any objective evidence of the presence of a disorder or disease;
there were no signs of asphyxiation
sign (n.)
having an indicated pole (as the distinction between positive and negative electric charges);
charges of opposite sign
Synonyms: polarity
sign (n.)
an event that is experienced as indicating important things to come;
it was a sign from God
Synonyms: augury / foretoken / preindication
sign (n.)
a gesture that is part of a sign language;
sign (n.)
a fundamental linguistic unit linking a signifier to that which is signified; "The bond between the signifier and the signified is arbitrary"--de Saussure;
sign (n.)
a character indicating a relation between quantities;
don't forget the minus sign
2
sign (v.)
mark with one's signature; write one's name (on);
She signed the letter and sent it off
Please sign here
Synonyms: subscribe
sign (v.)
approve and express assent, responsibility, or obligation;
Have you signed your contract yet?
Synonyms: ratify
sign (v.)
be engaged by a written agreement;
He signed to play the casino on Dec. 18
The soprano signed to sing the new opera
sign (v.)
engage by written agreement;
They signed two new pitchers for the next season
Synonyms: contract / sign on / sign up
sign (v.)
communicate silently and non-verbally by signals or signs;
He signed his disapproval with a dismissive hand gesture
Synonyms: signal / signalize / signalise
sign (v.)
place signs, as along a road;
sign an intersection
This road has been signed
sign (v.)
communicate in sign language;
I don't know how to sign, so I could not communicate with my deaf cousin
sign (v.)
make the sign of the cross over someone in order to call on God for protection; consecrate;
Synonyms: bless
3
sign (adj.)
used of the language of the deaf;
Synonyms: gestural / signed / sign-language
From wordnet.princeton.edu