serve (v.)

12世纪晚期, “使习惯性的服从”, 也有“服侍, 给予援助, 给予帮助” 的意思, 来自古法语 servir “对其尽职, 表现出奉献精神; 摆放餐桌, 在餐桌上服务; 提供, 提供与”, 来自拉丁语 servire “成为仆人, 为其服务, 被奴役;” 形象地说是“奉献; 受其支配; 遵从; 符合; 奉承”, 原为“成为奴隶”, 与 servus “奴隶” 有关, 来源不明.

也许来自伊特鲁里亚语(比较伊特鲁里亚语专有名词 Servi, Serve, 拉丁化为 Servius), 但德-瓦安说它来自原意大利语 *serwo- “牧羊人”, *serwā- “观察”, 来自PIE *seruo- “监护人” (来源也是阿维斯坦 haraiti “理会, 保护” ).

Rix 1994a argues that the original meaning of *serwo- probably was 'guard, shepherd', which underwent a pejorative development to 'slave' in Italy between 700 and 450 BC. Servire would be the direct derivative of servus, hence 'be a slave'; servare would in his view be derived from an older noun *serwa- or *serwom 'observation, heedance'.

到13世纪时, 也是“为之服务, 为之执行服务; 侍奉, 成为个人仆人; 成为奴隶; 效忠于; 主持弥撒或其他宗教仪式;” 从13世纪早期开始是“在餐桌上摆放食物;” 14世纪中期是“侍奉(顾客)”. 从14世纪末作“以某种方式对待(某人或某事)”.

serve (someone) right “以他应得的方式对待” 是从1580年代开始记载的. Sense of “be useful, be beneficial, be suitable for a purpose or function” is from early 14 Century; that of “take the place or meet the needs of, be equal to the task” is from late 14 Century; that of “sufficient” is from mid- 15 Century Meaning “render active military service” is from 1510s. 体育意义, 在网球, 羽毛球等运动中, 最早记载于1580年代. 法律意义上的“出示” (令状, 授权书等), “给予法律通知” 是从15世纪初开始的.

He no schuld neuer wond
To seruen him fro fot to hond
[“Amis and Amiloun,” c. 1330]

serve (n.)

1680年代, 在体育(网球等), 来自 serve (五).

updated on May 31, 2022

Definitions of serve from WordNet
serve (v.)
serve a purpose, role, or function;
His freedom served him well
The tree stump serves as a table
This table would serve very well
The female students served as a control group
Synonyms: function
serve (v.)
do duty or hold offices; serve in a specific function;
She served in Congress for two terms
He served as head of the department for three years
serve (v.)
contribute or conduce to;
The scandal served to increase his popularity
serve (v.)
be used by; as of a utility;
The garage served to shelter his horses
The sewage plant served the neighboring communities
Synonyms: service
serve (v.)
help to some food; help with food or drink;
I served him three times, and after that he helped himself
Synonyms: help
serve (v.)
provide (usually but not necessarily food);
The entertainers served up a lively show
We serve meals for the homeless
Synonyms: serve up / dish out / dish up / dish
serve (v.)
devote (part of) one's life or efforts to, as of countries, institutions, or ideas;
She served the art of music
He served the church
serve the country
serve (v.)
promote, benefit, or be useful or beneficial to;
The lake serves recreation
The President's wisdom has served the country well
Their interests are served
Art serves commerce
Synonyms: serve well
serve (v.)
spend time in prison or in a labor camp;
Synonyms: do
serve (v.)
work for or be a servant to;
The minister served the King for many years
May I serve you?
Synonyms: attend to / wait on / attend / assist
serve (v.)
deliver a warrant or summons to someone;
Synonyms: process / swear out
serve (v.)
be sufficient; be adequate, either in quality or quantity;
Nothing else will serve
Synonyms: suffice / do / answer
serve (v.)
do military service;
My sons never served, because they are short-sighted
She served in Vietnam
serve (v.)
mate with;
male animals serve the females for breeding purposes
Synonyms: service
serve (v.)
put the ball into play;
It was Agassi's turn to serve
serve (n.)
(sports) a stroke that puts the ball in play;
his powerful serves won the game
Synonyms: service
From, not affiliated with etymonline.