Etymology
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secular (adj.)

14世纪, “生活在世界中, 不属于宗教秩序”, 也“属于国家”, 来自古法语 seculer (现代法语 séculier), 来自晚期拉丁语 saecularis “世俗的, 世俗的, 与一代人或一个时代有关的”, 来自拉丁语 saecularis “一个时代的, 在一个时代中发生一次”, 来自 saeculum “年龄, 时间跨度, 一生, 一代人, 繁殖”.

这是从Proto-Italic *sai-tlo-, 根据Watkins的说法, 是PIE的器物元素 *-tlo- + *sai- “捆绑, 绑缚” (见 sinew), 隐喻地延伸到人类的历代, 作为生命链中的环节. 德瓦恩将其列为同源词威尔士语 hoedl “寿命, 年龄”. 一个较早的理论将其与“种子” 的词联系起来, 来自PIE根 *se- “播种” (见 sow (v.), 并比较哥特语 mana-seþs “人类, 世界”, 字面意思是“人的种子” ).

在教会写作中使用, 如希腊文 aiōn “这个世界的” (见 cosmos). 它是法语 siècle 的来源. 古罗马 ludi saeculares, 是一个“时代” (120年) 来一次的为期三天的昼夜庆祝活动. 在英语中, 指人文主义和将上帝信仰排除在伦理和道德事务之外, 从19世纪50年代开始.

Origin and meaning of secular

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Definitions of secular
1
secular (adj.)
of or relating to the doctrine that rejects religion and religious considerations;
secular (adj.)
not concerned with or devoted to religion;
secular architecture
secular drama
Synonyms: profane
secular (adj.)
of or relating to clergy not bound by monastic vows;
the secular clergy
secular (adj.)
characteristic of those who are not members of the clergy;
Synonyms: laic / lay
secular (adj.)
characteristic of or devoted to the temporal world as opposed to the spiritual world;
Synonyms: worldly / temporal
2
secular (n.)
someone who is not a clergyman or a professional person;
Synonyms: layman / layperson
From wordnet.princeton.edu