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secular (adj.)

14世纪 ,"生活在世界中,不属于宗教秩序",也"属于国家",来自古法语 seculer (现代法语 séculier ),来自晚期拉丁语 saecularis "世俗的,世俗的,与一代人或一个时代有关的",来自拉丁语 saecularis "一个时代的,在一个时代中发生一次",来自 saeculum "年龄,时间跨度,一生,一代人,繁殖"。

这是从Proto-Italic *sai-tlo- ,根据Watkins的说法,是PIE的器物元素 *-tlo- + *sai- "捆绑、绑缚"(见 sinew ),隐喻地延伸到人类的历代,作为生命链中的环节。德瓦恩将其列为同源词威尔士语 hoedl "寿命、年龄"。一个较早的理论将其与"种子"的词联系起来,来自PIE根 *se- "播种"(见 sow (v.),并比较哥特语 mana-seþs "人类,世界",字面意思是"人的种子")。

在教会写作中使用,如希腊文 aiōn "这个世界的"(见 cosmos )。它是法语 siècle 的来源。古罗马 ludi saeculares ,是一个"时代"(120年)来一次的为期三天的昼夜庆祝活动。在英语中,指人文主义和将上帝信仰排除在伦理和道德事务之外,从19世纪50年代开始。

Origin and meaning of secular

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Definitions of secular from WordNet
1
secular (adj.)
of or relating to the doctrine that rejects religion and religious considerations;
secular (adj.)
not concerned with or devoted to religion;
secular architecture
secular drama
Synonyms: profane
secular (adj.)
of or relating to clergy not bound by monastic vows;
the secular clergy
secular (adj.)
characteristic of those who are not members of the clergy;
Synonyms: laic / lay
secular (adj.)
characteristic of or devoted to the temporal world as opposed to the spiritual world;
Synonyms: worldly / temporal
2
secular (n.)
someone who is not a clergyman or a professional person;
Synonyms: layman / layperson
From wordnet.princeton.edu