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score (n.)

晚期古英语 scoru “20”, 来自古北欧语 skor “标记, 缺口, 切口; 岩石上的裂缝”, 在冰岛语中也是“20”, 来自原日耳曼语 *skur-, 来自PIE根 *sker- (1) “切割”.

连接的概念可能是数大数(羊等), 每20只就在棍子上开一个缺口. 这种数数的方式, 叫做 vigesimalism, 在法语中也存在. 在古法语中, “20” (vint) 或它的倍数可以作为基数, 如 vint et doze (“32” ), dous vinz et diz (“50” ). Vigesimalism曾经或现在是威尔士语, 爱尔兰语, 盖尔语和布列塔尼语(以及非IE的巴斯克语) 的一个特征, 据推测, 英国人和法国人是从凯尔特人那里学来的. 比较 tally (n.

那么, 日耳曼语的史前意义很可能是“像划痕一样的直线标记, 用利器画出的线”, 但在英语中, 这个意义只从15世纪开始得到证明, 同时还有“在黑板上做的标记(在黑板上等), 用来统计酒馆里顾客的酒量” 的意义. 这种意义在1670年代扩展到“为记录比赛或竞赛中的分数而做的记号”, 因此是“某些比赛和竞赛中参赛者所做的分数的总和” (1742年, 原为whist).

从酒馆管理的意义上产生了“旅店老板账单上的金额” 的意思(17世纪), 从而产生了形象的动词表达 settle scores (1775). 意为“印制的乐曲”, 最早记载于1701年, 据说是来自于用分数线连接相关的谱子的做法. 特别是“为电影创作的音乐” (1927). 意为“获取麻醉药品的行为”, 到1951年.

Scoreboard 是从1826年开始的; score-keeping- 是从1905年开始的; 报纸体育版 score line 是从1965年开始的; 棒球 score-card 是从1877年开始的.

score (v.)

“用切口或缺口切割”, 15世纪; “用缺口记录” (14世纪末); 见 score (n.). 意思是“记录比赛中的分数等” 和“在比赛中为己方做或加分等”, 都是从1742年开始考证的. 俚语意义, 指男性, “实现性交” 最早记载于1960年. 意为“做记分员, 在游戏或比赛中记分” 出自1846年. 在音乐意义上从1839年开始. 相关链接: Scored; scoring.

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Definitions of score from WordNet
1
score (n.)
a number or letter indicating quality (especially of a student's performance);
what was your score on your homework?
Synonyms: mark / grade
score (n.)
a written form of a musical composition; parts for different instruments appear on separate staves on large pages;
he studied the score of the sonata
Synonyms: musical score
score (n.)
a number that expresses the accomplishment of a team or an individual in a game or contest;
the score was 7 to 0
score (n.)
a set of twenty members;
a score were sent out but only one returned
score (n.)
grounds;
he tried to blame the victim but his success on that score was doubtful
Synonyms: account
score (n.)
the facts about an actual situation;
he didn't know the score
score (n.)
an amount due (as at a restaurant or bar);
add it to my score and I'll settle later
score (n.)
a slight surface cut (especially a notch that is made to keep a tally);
Synonyms: scotch
score (n.)
a resentment strong enough to justify retaliation;
settling a score
Synonyms: grudge / grievance
score (n.)
the act of scoring in a game or sport;
the winning score came with less than a minute left to play
score (n.)
a seduction culminating in sexual intercourse;
calling his seduction of the girl a `score' was a typical example of male slang
Synonyms: sexual conquest
2
score (v.)
gain points in a game;
The home team scored many times
Synonyms: hit / tally / rack up
score (v.)
make small marks into the surface of;
score the clay before firing it
Synonyms: nock / mark
score (v.)
make underscoring marks;
Synonyms: mark
score (v.)
write a musical score for;
score (v.)
induce to have sex;
Did you score last night?
Synonyms: seduce / make
score (v.)
get a certain number or letter indicating quality or performance;
He scored a 200
She scored high on the SAT
score (v.)
assign a grade or rank to, according to one's evaluation;
score the SAT essays
Synonyms: grade / mark
From wordnet.princeton.edu