Advertisement

score (n.)

晚期古英语 scoru "20",来自古北欧语 skor "标记、缺口、切口;岩石上的裂缝",在冰岛语中也是"20",来自原日耳曼语 *skur- ,来自PIE根 *sker- (1)"切割"。

连接的概念可能是数大数(羊等),每20只就在棍子上开一个缺口。这种数数的方式,叫做 vigesimalism ,在法语中也存在。在古法语中,"20"( vint )或它的倍数可以作为基数,如 vint et doze ("32"), dous vinz et diz ("50")。Vigesimalism曾经或现在是威尔士语、爱尔兰语、盖尔语和布列塔尼语(以及非IE的巴斯克语)的一个特征,据推测,英国人和法国人是从凯尔特人那里学来的。比较 tally (n.

那么,日耳曼语的史前意义很可能是"像划痕一样的直线标记,用利器画出的线",但在英语中,这个意义只从15世纪开始得到证明,同时还有"在黑板上做的标记(在黑板上等),用来统计酒馆里顾客的酒量"的意义。这种意义在1670年代扩展到"为记录比赛或竞赛中的分数而做的记号",因此是"某些比赛和竞赛中参赛者所做的分数的总和"(1742年,原为whist)。

从酒馆管理的意义上产生了"旅店老板账单上的金额"的意思( 17世纪 ),从而产生了形象的动词表达 settle scores (1775)。意为"印制的乐曲",最早记载于1701年,据说是来自于用分数线连接相关的谱子的做法。特别是"为电影创作的音乐"(1927)。意为"获取麻醉药品的行为",到1951年。

Scoreboard 是从1826年开始的; score-keeping- 是从1905年开始的;报纸体育版 score line 是从1965年开始的;棒球 score-card 是从1877年开始的。

score (v.)

"用切口或缺口切割",15世纪;"用缺口记录"(14世纪末);见 score (n.)。意思是"记录比赛中的分数等"和"在比赛中为己方做或加分等",都是从1742年开始考证的。俚语意义,指男性,"实现性交"最早记载于1960年。意为"做记分员,在游戏或比赛中记分"出自1846年。在音乐意义上从1839年开始。相关链接: Scored ; scoring .

Others are reading

Advertisement
Definitions of score from WordNet
1
score (n.)
a number or letter indicating quality (especially of a student's performance);
what was your score on your homework?
Synonyms: mark / grade
score (n.)
a written form of a musical composition; parts for different instruments appear on separate staves on large pages;
he studied the score of the sonata
Synonyms: musical score
score (n.)
a number that expresses the accomplishment of a team or an individual in a game or contest;
the score was 7 to 0
score (n.)
a set of twenty members;
a score were sent out but only one returned
score (n.)
grounds;
he tried to blame the victim but his success on that score was doubtful
Synonyms: account
score (n.)
the facts about an actual situation;
he didn't know the score
score (n.)
an amount due (as at a restaurant or bar);
add it to my score and I'll settle later
score (n.)
a slight surface cut (especially a notch that is made to keep a tally);
Synonyms: scotch
score (n.)
a resentment strong enough to justify retaliation;
settling a score
Synonyms: grudge / grievance
score (n.)
the act of scoring in a game or sport;
the winning score came with less than a minute left to play
score (n.)
a seduction culminating in sexual intercourse;
calling his seduction of the girl a `score' was a typical example of male slang
Synonyms: sexual conquest
2
score (v.)
gain points in a game;
The home team scored many times
Synonyms: hit / tally / rack up
score (v.)
make small marks into the surface of;
score the clay before firing it
Synonyms: nock / mark
score (v.)
make underscoring marks;
Synonyms: mark
score (v.)
write a musical score for;
score (v.)
induce to have sex;
Did you score last night?
Synonyms: seduce / make
score (v.)
get a certain number or letter indicating quality or performance;
He scored a 200
She scored high on the SAT
score (v.)
assign a grade or rank to, according to one's evaluation;
score the SAT essays
Synonyms: grade / mark
From wordnet.princeton.edu