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science (n.)

14世纪中叶,"已知的东西,通过学习获得的知识(某事);信息;"也是"知识的保证,确信,确定",来自古法语 science "知识,学习,应用;人类知识的语料库"(12世纪),来自拉丁语 scientia "知识,一种知性。expertness",来自 sciens (genitive scientis )"聪明的,熟练的", scire "to know"的现在分词,可能最初是"把一件事和另一件事分开,区分开来",与 scindere "切开,分割"有关(来自PIE根 *skei- "切开,分割;"也是希腊语 skhizein "分割,撕开,劈开"的来源,哥特语 skaidan, 古英语 sceadan "分割,分开")。

从14世纪末在英语中作"书本学习",也是"知识或学问的某一分支";也是"熟练、聪明;狡猾"。从15世纪起在英语中作"经验知识";又作"一种技能,手艺;一门手艺"。从14世纪末作为"人类的集体知识"(特别是通过系统的观察、实验和推理获得的知识)。现代(限制性)意义上的"关于某一特定主题或猜测的有规律或有条理的观察或命题的体系"从1725年开始得到证明;在17世纪-18世纪,这一概念通常被称为 philosophy 。"非艺术研究"的意义是从1670年代开始出现的。

Science, since people must do it, is a socially embedded activity. It progresses by hunch, vision, and intuition. Much of its change through time does not record a closer approach to absolute truth, but the alteration of cultural contexts that influence it so strongly. Facts are not pure and unsullied bits of information; culture also influences what we see and how we see it. Theories, moreover, are not inexorable inductions from facts. The most creative theories are often imaginative visions imposed upon facts; the source of imagination is also strongly cultural. [Stephen Jay Gould, introduction to "The Mismeasure of Man," 1981]

In science you must not talk before you know. In art you must not talk before you do. In literature you must not talk before you think. [John Ruskin, "The Eagle's Nest," 1872]

通常理解为理论真理(希腊文 epistemē )和实现实际结果的方法( tekhnē )之间的区别,但 science ,有时也用于实际应用,艺术用于技能的应用。要 blind (someone) with science "通过使用大词或复杂的解释来混淆"是从1937年开始考证的,最初是作为澳大利亚和新西兰的短语而被注意的。

Origin and meaning of science

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Definitions of science from WordNet

science (n.)
a particular branch of scientific knowledge;
the science of genetics
Synonyms: scientific discipline
science (n.)
ability to produce solutions in some problem domain;
the sweet science of pugilism
Synonyms: skill
From wordnet.princeton.edu