Advertisement

Satan (n.)

基督教中至高无上的邪灵的专有名词,古英语 Satan ,来自晚期拉丁语 Satan (在武加大版中仅在旧约中出现),来自希腊语 Satanas ,来自希伯来语 satan "敌手,谋害他人的人",来自 satan "表示敌意、反对、谋害",来自根 s-t-n "反对、阻挠或作为敌手的人"。

在七十士译本(希腊文)中通常译为 diabolos "诽谤者",字面意思是"把(东西)扔过"另一个人的道路的人(见 devil (n.)),不过 epiboulos "阴谋者"用过一次。

In biblical sources the Hebrew term the satan describes an adversarial role. It is not the name of a particular character. Although Hebrew storytellers as early as the sixth century B.C.E. occasionally introduced a supernatural character whom they called the satan , what they meant was any one of the angels sent by God for the specific purpose of blocking or obstructing human activity. [Elaine Pagels, "The Origin of Satan," 1995]

Others are reading

Advertisement
Definitions of Satan from WordNet

Satan (n.)
(Judeo-Christian and Islamic religions) chief spirit of evil and adversary of God; tempter of mankind; master of Hell;
Synonyms: Old Nick / Devil / Lucifer / Beelzebub / the Tempter / Prince of Darkness
From wordnet.princeton.edu