Advertisement

Satan (n.)

基督教中至高无上的邪灵的专有名词, 古英语 Satan, 来自晚期拉丁语 Satan (在武加大版中仅在旧约中出现), 来自希腊语 Satanas, 来自希伯来语 satan “敌手, 谋害他人的人”, 来自 satan “表示敌意, 反对, 谋害”, 来自根 s-t-n “反对, 阻挠或作为敌手的人”.

在七十士译本(希腊文) 中通常译为 diabolos “诽谤者”, 字面意思是“把(东西) 扔过” 另一个人的道路的人(见 devil (n.) ), 不过 epiboulos “阴谋者” 用过一次.

In biblical sources the Hebrew term the satan describes an adversarial role. It is not the name of a particular character. Although Hebrew storytellers as early as the sixth century B. C. E. occasionally introduced a supernatural character whom they called the satan, what they meant was any one of the angels sent by God for the specific purpose of blocking or obstructing human activity. [Elaine Pagels, “The Origin of Satan,” 1995]

Others are reading

Advertisement
Advertisement
Definitions of Satan

Satan (n.)
(Judeo-Christian and Islamic religions) chief spirit of evil and adversary of God; tempter of mankind; master of Hell;
Synonyms: Old Nick / Devil / Lucifer / Beelzebub / the Tempter / Prince of Darkness
From wordnet.princeton.edu