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sarcasm (n.)

1570年代, sarcasmus, 来自拉丁语晚期 sarcasmus, 来自希腊语晚期 sarkasmos “讥讽, 玩笑, 嘲弄, 嘲笑”, 来自 sarkazein “苦口婆心, 冷嘲热讽”, 字面意思是“把肉剥下来”, 来自 sarx (属性 sarkos) “肉”, 恰当地说是“一块肉”, 传统上来自PIE根 *twerk-, *tuerk- “切” (来源也是阿维斯坦 thwares “切” ), 但Beekes是可疑的. 目前的英语单词的形式是来自1610年代. 关于用法的细微差别, 见 humor (n.).

Origin and meaning of sarcasm

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Definitions of sarcasm from WordNet

sarcasm (n.)
witty language used to convey insults or scorn; "Satire is a sort of glass, wherein beholders do generally discover everybody's face but their own"--Jonathan Swift;
he used sarcasm to upset his opponent
Synonyms: irony / satire / caustic remark
From wordnet.princeton.edu