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sacrifice (n.)

13世纪晚期,"将某物(尤其是生命)献给神灵,作为赎罪或敬意的行为;"14世纪中叶,"献祭的东西",来自古法语 sacrifise "牺牲,献祭"(12世纪),来自拉丁文 sacrificium ,来自 sacrificus "执行祭司职能或献祭",来自 sacra "神圣的仪式"( sacer "神圣的"适当的中性复数;见 sacred )+ facere "使,做"的组合形式(来自PIE根 *dhe- "设置,放")。

拉丁文 sacrificium ,在古英语中的词汇是 ansegdniss 。Sense of "act of giving up one thing for another; something given up for the sake of another" is first recorded 1590s.棒球的意义第一次被证明1880年。

Origin and meaning of sacrifice

sacrifice (v.)

14世纪 ,"把东西(献给神灵,作为祭品)",出自 sacrifice (n. )。意为"投降、放弃、忍受失去",出自1706年。相关词: Sacrificed ; sacrificing 。代理名词形式包括: sacrificersacrificator (均为16世纪,后者来自拉丁文);和 sacrificulist (17世纪)。

Origin and meaning of sacrifice

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Definitions of sacrifice from WordNet
1
sacrifice (n.)
the act of losing or surrendering something as a penalty for a mistake or fault or failure to perform etc.;
Synonyms: forfeit / forfeiture
sacrifice (n.)
personnel that are sacrificed (e.g., surrendered or lost in order to gain an objective);
sacrifice (n.)
a loss entailed by giving up or selling something at less than its value;
he had to sell his car at a considerable sacrifice
sacrifice (n.)
the act of killing (an animal or person) in order to propitiate a deity;
Synonyms: ritual killing
sacrifice (n.)
(baseball) an out that advances the base runners;
2
sacrifice (v.)
endure the loss of;
Synonyms: give
sacrifice (v.)
kill or destroy;
The general had to sacrifice several soldiers to save the regiment
The animals were sacrificed after the experiment
sacrifice (v.)
sell at a loss;
sacrifice (v.)
make a sacrifice of; in religious rituals;
From wordnet.princeton.edu