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sacrifice (n.)

13世纪晚期, “将某物(尤其是生命) 献给神灵, 作为赎罪或敬意的行为;” 14世纪中叶, “献祭的东西”, 来自古法语 sacrifise “牺牲, 献祭” (12世纪), 来自拉丁文 sacrificium, 来自 sacrificus “执行祭司职能或献祭”, 来自 sacra “神圣的仪式” (sacer “神圣的” 适当的中性复数; 见 sacred) + facere “使, 做” 的组合形式(来自PIE根 *dhe- “设置, 放” ).

拉丁文 sacrificium, 在古英语中的词汇是 ansegdniss. Sense of “act of giving up one thing for another; something given up for the sake of another” is first recorded 1590s. 棒球的意义第一次被证明1880年.

Origin and meaning of sacrifice

sacrifice (v.)

14世纪, “把东西(献给神灵, 作为祭品)”, 出自 sacrifice (n.). 意为“投降, 放弃, 忍受失去”, 出自1706年. 相关词: Sacrificed; sacrificing. 代理名词形式包括: sacrificer, sacrificator (均为16世纪, 后者来自拉丁文); 和 sacrificulist (17世纪).

Origin and meaning of sacrifice

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Definitions of sacrifice from WordNet
1
sacrifice (n.)
the act of losing or surrendering something as a penalty for a mistake or fault or failure to perform etc.;
Synonyms: forfeit / forfeiture
sacrifice (n.)
personnel that are sacrificed (e.g., surrendered or lost in order to gain an objective);
sacrifice (n.)
a loss entailed by giving up or selling something at less than its value;
he had to sell his car at a considerable sacrifice
sacrifice (n.)
the act of killing (an animal or person) in order to propitiate a deity;
Synonyms: ritual killing
sacrifice (n.)
(baseball) an out that advances the base runners;
2
sacrifice (v.)
endure the loss of;
Synonyms: give
sacrifice (v.)
kill or destroy;
The general had to sacrifice several soldiers to save the regiment
The animals were sacrificed after the experiment
sacrifice (v.)
sell at a loss;
sacrifice (v.)
make a sacrifice of; in religious rituals;
From wordnet.princeton.edu