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sacred (adj.)

14世纪末,过去分词形容词,来自过时的动词 sacren "使之神圣"(13世纪),来自古法语 sacrer "献身、涂抹、奉献"(12世纪),或直接来自拉丁文 sacrare "使之神圣、奉献;持守神圣;不朽;拨开、奉献",来自 sacer (属性 sacri )"神圣的、奉献的、圣洁的、诅咒的",来自古拉丁文 saceres ,来自PIE根 *sak- "使之神圣化"。巴克把它与Oscan sakrim ,Umbrian sacra ,并称它为"一个独特的意大利语组,没有任何明确的外部联系"。De Vaan把它从PIE根 *shnk- "使神圣,神圣化",并在赫梯 šaklai "习俗,仪式", zankila "罚款,惩罚"中找到同源词。相关内容: Sacredness .

拉丁文的鼻化形式是 sancire "使神圣、确认、批准、祝愿"。古英语中"神圣"的一个词是 godcundSacred cow "印度教崇敬的对象",出自1891年;"不可批评的人"的形象意义最早记载于1910年,反映了西方对印度教的看法。 Sacred Heart "耶稣的心作为宗教崇敬的对象"出自1765年。

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Definitions of sacred from WordNet

sacred (adj.)
concerned with religion or religious purposes;
sacred texts
sacred music
sacred rites
sacred (adj.)
worthy of respect or dedication;
saw motherhood as woman's sacred calling
sacred (adj.)
made or declared or believed to be holy; devoted to a deity or some religious ceremony or use;
sacred elephants
the sacred mosque
sacred bread and wine
Synonyms: consecrated / sanctified
sacred (adj.)
worthy of religious veneration;
the sacred name of Jesus
Synonyms: hallowed
sacred (adj.)
(often followed by `to') devoted exclusively to a single use or purpose or person;
a morning hour sacred to study
a fund sacred to charity
a private office sacred to the President
From wordnet.princeton.edu