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sacred (adj.)

14世纪末, 过去分词形容词, 来自过时的动词 sacren “使之神圣” (13世纪), 来自古法语 sacrer “献身, 涂抹, 奉献” (12世纪), 或直接来自拉丁文 sacrare “使之神圣, 奉献; 持守神圣; 不朽; 拨开, 奉献”, 来自 sacer (属性 sacri) “神圣的, 奉献的, 圣洁的, 诅咒的”, 来自古拉丁文 saceres, 来自PIE根 *sak- “使之神圣化”. 巴克把它与Oscan sakrim, Umbrian sacra, 并称它为“一个独特的意大利语组, 没有任何明确的外部联系”. De Vaan把它从PIE根 *shnk- “使神圣, 神圣化”, 并在赫梯 šaklai “习俗, 仪式”, zankila “罚款, 惩罚” 中找到同源词. 相关内容: Sacredness.

拉丁文的鼻化形式是 sancire “使神圣, 确认, 批准, 祝愿”. 古英语中“神圣” 的一个词是 godcund. Sacred cow “印度教崇敬的对象”, 出自1891年; “不可批评的人” 的形象意义最早记载于1910年, 反映了西方对印度教的看法. Sacred Heart “耶稣的心作为宗教崇敬的对象” 出自1765年.

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Definitions of sacred from WordNet

sacred (adj.)
concerned with religion or religious purposes;
sacred texts
sacred music
sacred rites
sacred (adj.)
worthy of respect or dedication;
saw motherhood as woman's sacred calling
sacred (adj.)
made or declared or believed to be holy; devoted to a deity or some religious ceremony or use;
sacred elephants
the sacred mosque
sacred bread and wine
Synonyms: consecrated / sanctified
sacred (adj.)
worthy of religious veneration;
the sacred name of Jesus
Synonyms: hallowed
sacred (adj.)
(often followed by `to') devoted exclusively to a single use or purpose or person;
a morning hour sacred to study
a fund sacred to charity
a private office sacred to the President
From wordnet.princeton.edu